Jack Nicholson facts for kids
John Joseph Nicholson
April 22, 1937
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer, screenwriter|
|Years active||1957 - present|
(m. 1962; div. 1968)
Lara Flynn Boyle
|Parent(s)||June Nicholson (deceased)|
John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22, 1937, Neptune, New Jersey) is an American actor, movie director, producer and writer. He started out as a writer and part-time actor. He became a star in 1969 when he had a small part in the movie Easy Rider. He has won three Oscars, for As Good as it Gets, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, and Terms of Endearment. He is one of the most notable fans of the Los Angeles Lakers.
Nicholson is one of only two actors who have been nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to 2000s; the other is Michael Caine. He has won seven Golden Globe Awards. He received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2001.
Nicholson has acted in over 67 films and at least a dozen television shows since beginning his career 60 years ago. He has won three Academy Awards, and with 12 nominations, he is the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history.
Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, New Jersey. "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended Manasquan High School, where he was voted "class clown" by the Class of 1954. He was in detention every day for a whole school year. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine.
In 1957 Nicholson joined the Air National Guard, the Korean War-era's Military Selective Service Act was still in force, and draftees were required to perform up to two years of active duty. After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a fire fighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, and he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962.
He appeared in many films, though his first major success came in 1975 with his role as Randle P. McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. The movie was an adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel and was directed by Miloš Forman and co-produced by Michael Douglas. Nicholson plays an anti-authoritarian patient at a mental hospital where he becomes an inspiring leader for the other patients.
Playing one of the patients was Danny DeVito in an early role. Nicholson learned afterwards that DeVito grew up in the same area of New Jersey and they knew many of the same people. The film swept the Academy Awards with nine nominations and won the top five, including Nicholson's first for Best Actor.
Although he garnered no Academy Award for Stanley Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining (1980), it remains one of his more significant roles. He was Kubrick's first choice to play the lead role, although the book's author, Stephen King, wanted the part played by more of an "everyman." However, Kubrick as director won the argument, and described Nicholson's acting quality as being "on a par with the greatest stars of the past, like Spencer Tracy and Jimmy Cagney."
In the 1989 Batman movie, Nicholson played the villain, The Joker. The film was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned him a percentage of the box office gross estimated at $60 million to $90 million. Nicholson said that he was "particularly proud" of his performance as the Joker: "I considered it a piece of pop art," he said.
Nicholson is a fan of the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Lakers. He has been a Laker season ticket holder since 1970 and has held courtside season tickets for the past 25 years next to the opponent's benches both at The Forum and Staples Center, missing very few games. In a few instances, Nicholson has engaged in arguments with game officials and opposing players and even walked onto the court. He was almost ejected from a Lakers playoff game in May 2003 after he yelled at the game's referee.
Nicholson is a collector of 20th century and contemporary art, including the work of Henri Matisse, Tamara de Lempicka, Andy Warhol and Jack Vettriano. In 1995, artist Ed Ruscha was quoted saying that Nicholson has "one of the best collections out here."
|1958||The Cry Baby Killer||Jimmy Wallace||Jus Addiss|
|1960||Too Soon to Love||Buddy||Richard Rush|
|1960||The Wild Ride||Johnny Varron||Harvey Berman|
|1960||The Little Shop of Horrors||Wilbur Force||Roger Corman|
|1960||Studs Lonigan||Weary Reilly||Irving Lerner|
|1962||The Broken Land||Will Brocious||John A. Bushelman|
|1963||The Raven||Rexford Bedlo||Roger Corman|
|1963||The Terror||Andre Duvalier||Roger Corman|
|1963||Thunder Island||Jack Leewood||Writer|
|1964||Flight to Fury||Jay Wickham||Monte Hellman||Also writer|
|1964||Back Door to Hell||Burnett||Monte Hellman|
|1964||Ensign Pulver||Dolan||Joshua Logan|
|1967||The St. Valentine's Day Massacre||Gino, Hit Man||Roger Corman||Uncredited|
|1967||Hells Angels on Wheels||Poet||Richard Rush|
|1967||The Trip||Roger Corman||Writer|
|1968||Head||Movie Director in Restaurant||Bob Rafelson||Uncredited cameo
Also producer and writer
|1969||Easy Rider||George Hanson||Dennis Hopper|
|1970||On a Clear Day You Can See Forever||Tad Pringle||Vincente Minnelli|
|1970||The Rebel Rousers||Bunny||Martin B. Cohen|
|1970||Five Easy Pieces||Robert Eroica Dupea||Bob Rafelson|
|1971||Carnal Knowledge||Jonathan Fuerst||Mike Nichols|
|1971||A Safe Place||Mitch||Henry Jaglom|
|1971||Drive, He Said||Jack Nicholson||Writer, producer and director|
|1972||The King of Marvin Gardens||David Staebler||Bob Rafelson|
|1973||The Last Detail||Signalman 1st Class Billy L. "Badass" Buddusky||Hal Ashby|
|1974||Chinatown||J. J. "Jake" Gittes||Roman Polanski|
|1975||The Passenger||David Locke||Michelangelo Antonioni|
|1975||The Fortune||Oscar Sullivan||Mike Nichols|
|1975||One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest||Randle Patrick "Mac" McMurphy||Miloš Forman|
|1975||Tommy||The Specialist||Ken Russell|
|1976||The Missouri Breaks||Tom Logan||Arthur Penn|
|1976||The Last Tycoon||Brimmer||Elia Kazan|
|1978||Goin' South||Henry Lloyd Moon||Jack Nicholson||Also director|
|1980||The Shining||Jack Torrance||Stanley Kubrick|
|1981||The Postman Always Rings Twice||Frank Chambers||Bob Rafelson|
|1981||Reds||Eugene O'Neill||Warren Beatty|
|1982||The Border||Charlie Smith||Tony Richardson|
|1983||Terms of Endearment||Garrett Breedlove||James L. Brooks|
|1985||Prizzi's Honor||Charley Partanna||John Huston|
|1986||Heartburn||Mark Forman||Mike Nichols|
|1987||The Witches of Eastwick||Daryl Van Horne||George Miller|
|1987||Broadcast News||Bill Rorich||James L. Brooks|
|1987||Ironweed||Francis Phelan||Héctor Babenco|
|1989||Batman||Jack Napier/The Joker||Tim Burton|
|1990||The Two Jakes||J. J. "Jake" Gittes||Jack Nicholson||Also director and uncredited producer|
|1992||Man Trouble||Eugene Earl Axline / Harry Bliss||Bob Rafelson|
|1992||A Few Good Men||Colonel Nathan R. Jessup||Rob Reiner|
|1992||Hoffa||James R. "Jimmy" Hoffa||Danny DeVito|
|1994||Wolf||Will Randall||Mike Nichols|
|1995||The Crossing Guard||Freddy Gale||Sean Penn|
|1996||Blood and Wine||Alex Gates||Bob Rafelson|
|1996||The Evening Star||Garrett Breedlove||Robert Harling|
|1996||Mars Attacks!||President James Dale / Art Land||Tim Burton|
|1997||As Good as It Gets||Melvin Udall||James L. Brooks|
|2001||The Pledge||Jerry Black||Sean Penn|
|2002||About Schmidt||Warren R. Schmidt||Alexander Payne|
|2003||Anger Management||Dr. Buddy Rydell||Peter Segal|
|2003||Something's Gotta Give||Harry Sanborn||Nancy Meyers|
|2006||The Departed||Francis "Frank" Costello||Martin Scorsese|
|2007||The Bucket List||Edward Cole||Rob Reiner|
|2010||How Do You Know||Charles Madison||James L. Brooks|
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Jack Nicholson Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.