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Bay Head, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Bay Head
Loveland Homestead Museum
Loveland Homestead Museum
Map of Bay Head in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Bay Head in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bay Head, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bay Head, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated June 15, 1886
Named for Bayhead Land Company / location on Barnegat Bay
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.52 km2)
 • Water 0.12 sq mi (0.32 km2)  17.32%
Area rank 529th of 565 in state
30th of 33 in county
Elevation
3 ft (0.9 m)
Population
 • Total 968
 • Estimate 
(2019)
977
 • Rank 535th of 566 in state
30th of 33 in county
 • Density 1,662.8/sq mi (642.0/km2)
 • Density rank 316th of 566 in state
15th of 33 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08742
Area code(s) 732
FIPS code 3402903520
GNIS feature ID 0885150

Bay Head is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 968, reflecting a decline of 270 (-21.8%) from the 1,238 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 12 (+1.0%) from the 1,226 counted in the 1990 Census. Bay Head is situated on the Barnegat Peninsula, also known as Barnegat Bay Island, a long, narrow barrier island that separates Barnegat Bay from the Atlantic Ocean. Together with Mantoloking, Bay Head is considered part of the Jersey Shore's "Gold Coast".

Bay Head was incorporated as a Borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 15, 1886, from portions of Brick Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier.

The community was supposed to have been named "Bayhead" after the Bayhead Land Company that developed the area in the 1870s. A railroad sign posted in the 1880s labeled the station as "Bay Head," and the name stuck when the borough was incorporated in 1886. The name also comes from the town's location, which is at the "head" of Barnegat Bay.

History

The Bayhead Land Company was incorporated on September 6, 1879, capitalized at $12,000. The founding partners were David H. Mount of Rocky Hill, and three Princeton men: Edward Howe, his brother Leavitt Howe and William Harris. Within several years, the resort had grown in population, with a seawall installed, roads built and graded. In 1882, Bay Head had 20 new cottages and a population of 75.

The first post office was established in Bay Head in the summer of 1882. Julius Foster was first postmaster.

The Bay Head Historic District, listed in the New Jersey and the National Registers of Historic places in 2005, includes over 550 contributing structures (over half of the town's buildings) making it one of the largest historic districts in New Jersey. Bay Head's historic district is architecturally significant for its large collection of well-preserved Shingle Style, Stick Style, and Queen Anne Style structures.

The 1,260 metres (4,130 ft) stone rubble seawall built in 1882, which had been buried by dunes and largely forgotten, played a role in reducing damage to the town by Hurricane Sandy.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.71 square miles (1.83 km2), including 0.59 square miles (1.52 km2) of land and 0.12 square miles (0.32 km2) of water (17.32%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Twilight Lake.

The borough borders the Ocean County municipalities of Brick Township, Mantoloking, Point Pleasant and Point Pleasant Beach.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 247
1910 281 13.8%
1920 273 −2.8%
1930 429 57.1%
1940 499 16.3%
1950 808 61.9%
1960 824 2.0%
1970 1,083 31.4%
1980 1,340 23.7%
1990 1,226 −8.5%
2000 1,238 1.0%
2010 968 −21.8%
2019 (est.) 977 0.9%
Population sources:
1900-2000 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 968 people, 459 households, and 270 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,662.8 per square mile (642.0/km2). There were 1,023 housing units at an average density of 1,757.3 per square mile (678.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.55% (954) White, 0.52% (5) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.72% (7) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.00% (0) from other races, and 0.21% (2) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% (10) of the population.

There were 459 households out of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 15.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 12.9% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 34.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57.2 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,417 (with a margin of error of +/- $13,902) and the median family income was $134,583 (+/- $24,739). Males had a median income of $75,833 (+/- $22,227) versus $60,625 (+/- $37,439) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $78,226 (+/- $12,220). About 0.9% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,238 people, 584 households, and 349 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,094.3 people per square mile (810.2/km2). There were 1,053 housing units at an average density of 1,781.3 per square mile (689.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.98% White, 0.16% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.48% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 584 households, out of which 16.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 15.4% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $77,790, and the median income for a family was $93,055. Males had a median income of $64,063 versus $38,672 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,639. About 0.3% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Bay Head School District serves students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade at Bay Head Elementary School. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 129 students and 15.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.5:1. The district has been ranked as one of the smallest in the state.

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Point Pleasant Beach High School in Point Pleasant Beach, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Point Pleasant Beach School District, together with students from Lavallette and Mantoloking. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 364 students and 36.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.9:1.

Transportation

2018-09-24 08 37 34 View south along New Jersey State Route 35 (Main Avenue) just south of Ocean County Route 632 (Bridge Avenue) in Bay Head, Ocean County, New Jersey
Route 35 southbound in Bay Head
Bay Head station
Bay Head station, which is the terminus of NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 10.74 miles (17.28 km) of roadways, of which 8.24 miles (13.26 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.16 miles (1.87 km) by Ocean County and 1.34 miles (2.16 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

The main roadway through Bay Head is Route 35, a two-lane highway that connects many of the Jersey Shore's small communities.

Public transportation

NJ Transit trains terminate at the Bay Head station and yard, with service on the North Jersey Coast Line north to Penn Station Newark, Hoboken Terminal and Penn Station New York in Midtown Manhattan.

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Bay Head, New Jersey has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Bay Head, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 95 °F (≥ 35 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Bay Head Beach is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.5 °F (-15.8 °C). The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Bay Head Beach, NJ (1981-2010 Averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 40.1
(4.5)
42.7
(5.94)
49.4
(9.67)
58.9
(14.94)
68.5
(20.28)
77.9
(25.5)
83.2
(28.44)
82.0
(27.78)
75.9
(24.39)
65.4
(18.56)
55.3
(12.94)
45.1
(7.28)
62.1
(16.72)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.5
(0.28)
34.6
(1.44)
40.9
(4.94)
50.3
(10.17)
59.9
(15.5)
69.4
(20.78)
74.9
(23.83)
73.8
(23.22)
67.2
(19.56)
56.2
(13.44)
47.0
(8.33)
37.3
(2.94)
53.8
(12.11)
Average low °F (°C) 24.8
(-4)
26.4
(-3.11)
32.5
(0.28)
41.7
(5.39)
51.3
(10.72)
60.9
(16.06)
66.6
(19.22)
65.6
(18.67)
58.5
(14.72)
46.9
(8.28)
38.7
(3.72)
29.5
(-1.39)
45.4
(7.44)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.66
(93)
3.10
(78.7)
4.19
(106.4)
3.98
(101.1)
3.49
(88.6)
3.67
(93.2)
4.68
(118.9)
4.45
(113)
3.47
(88.1)
3.75
(95.3)
3.98
(101.1)
4.01
(101.9)
46.43
(1,179.3)
Humidity 64.9 62.2 60.5 62.3 66.0 70.5 69.6 71.5 71.3 69.6 68.0 66.3 66.9
Source: PRISM
Climate data for Sandy Hook, NJ Ocean Water Temperature (28 N Bay Head)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °F (°C) 37
(2.8)
36
(2.2)
40
(4.4)
46
(7.8)
55
(12.8)
62
(16.7)
69
(20.6)
72
(22.2)
68
(20)
59
(15)
51
(10.6)
43
(6.1)
53
(11.7)
Source: NOAA

Ecology

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bay Head, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.

Notable people

LeavittHowe
Leavitt Howe, founder with brother Edward Howe and two others of Bayhead Land Company, developers of Bay Head

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bay Head include:

  • Bobbi Brown (born 1957), cosmetologist and media contributor.
  • Dean Cetrulo (1919–2010), fencer who won a bronze medal in the team sabre event at the 1948 Summer Olympics.
  • Leavitt Howe (1836–1904), founder with brother Edward Howe and two others of Bayhead Land Company, 1879.
  • L. Ron Hubbard (1911–1986), who wrote Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, the basis for Scientology in Bay Head in 1950.
  • James C. Kellogg III (1915–1980), Chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
  • Peter Kellogg (born 1943), director of the Wall Street investment firm Spear, Leeds & Kellogg, which was sold to Goldman Sachs in 2000 for $5.5 billion.
  • Roger King (1944–2007), Producer, Owner of King World Productions, produces game shows such as Wheel of Fortune, and Jeopardy!; and co-produces alongside Oprah Winfrey and Dr. Phil McGraw.
  • John B. Paolella (born 1949), politician who represented the 38th Legislative District in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature.
  • Dana Perino (born 1972), political commentator.
  • Michael F. Price (born 1951), value investor and fund manager.
  • Val Skinner (born 1960), LPGA golfer.
  • John Wanamaker (1838–1922), retailer who spent many summers at his cottage at the beach.
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