kids encyclopedia robot

Nikolski, Alaska facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Nikolski

Chalukax̂
Houses and the St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in Nikolski
Houses and the St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in Nikolski
Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 412: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Coordinates: 52°56′29″N 168°51′39″W / 52.94139°N 168.86083°W / 52.94139; -168.86083Coordinates: 52°56′29″N 168°51′39″W / 52.94139°N 168.86083°W / 52.94139; -168.86083
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Aleutians West
Area
 • Total 132.78 sq mi (343.91 km2)
 • Land 132.05 sq mi (342.01 km2)
 • Water 0.73 sq mi (1.90 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 39
 • Density 0.30/sq mi (0.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-9 (Alaska Standard (AKST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-8 (Alaska Daylight (AKDT))
ZIP code
99638
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-54260

Nikolski (Chalukax̂ in Aleut; Russian: Никольский) is a census-designated place (CDP) on Umnak Island in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 18 at the 2010 census, down from 39 in 2000. Nikolski is on Nikolski Bay, off the southwest end of the island. It is 116 air miles west of Unalaska, and 900 air miles from Anchorage. Residents are known as Unangan, and Aleut is spoken in most of the remaining homes.

Geography

Mount Vsevidof
Mount Vsevidof from Nikolski

Nikolski is located at 52°56′29″N 168°51′39″W / 52.941485°N 168.860765°W / 52.941485; -168.860765.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 132.8 square miles (344 km2), of which, 132.1 square miles (342 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (0.55%) is water.

On a clear day the view from Nikolski is dominated by Mount Vsevidof to the northeast, the highest point on Umnak Island.

The boundary between the Alaska Time Zone (UTC-9) and Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone (UTC-10) passes just west of Nikolski, along the line of 169°30'W through Samalga Pass. This places Nikolski in the Alaska Time Zone. However, as Nikolski is part of the Aleutian Region School District the settlement effectively observes Hawaii-Aleutian time.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 127
1890 94 −26.0%
1920 83
1930 109 31.3%
1940 97 −11.0%
1950 64 −34.0%
1960 92 43.8%
1970 57 −38.0%
1980 50 −12.3%
1990 35 −30.0%
2000 39 11.4%
2010 18 −53.8%
2020 39 116.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

Nikolski first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Aleut village of "Nikolsky." It had 127 residents, of whom 117 were Aleut, 8 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native) and 2 were White. In 1890, it returned as "Umnak", with 94 residents, of whom 80 were native and 14 were Creole. It did not appear again until 1920, when it again reported as "Umnak." Beginning with the 1930 census and to date, it has reported as Nikolski. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.

As of the census of 2000, there were 39 people, 15 households, and 12 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.3 people per square mile (0.1/km2). There were 28 housing units at an average density of 0.2/sq mi (0.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 30.77% White and 69.23% Native American.

Of the 15 households, 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 35.9% under the age of 18, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $40,250. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $11,875 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,083. There were 23.5% of families and 20.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including 13.6% of under eighteens and 55.6% of those over 64.

Education

NikolskiSchool
Nikolski School, which closed in 2009

Nikolski is served by the Aleutian Region Schools.

The Nikolski School served grades K-12. The school had one live-in teacher that occupied a small home owned by the school district adjacent to the school building and purpose-built for teachers and their family. The school was constructed in 1939 by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Circa 1978, the school had a single teacher, and 15 students. In 2008, the number of students fell below 9. Beginning in 1998, schools in rural Alaska had to have at least 10 students, in order to retain funding from the state, and campuses not meeting the number had to close. The school district used its budget to keep the school open. An American Samoan family arrived, but as the school lost more students, that family did not have enough children to enroll to make up the required 10 studends and, subsequently, the family moved away. A student living elsewhere was offered to relocate to Nikolski, where he would be the 10th student, but he chose not to, partly because the Nikolski School could not offer welding classes, and thus the school could not reach the 10 student threshold. The school closed down after the conclusion of the 2009–2010 school year. The permanent teacher left during the fall semester, so a volunteer had to fill in for the rest of the school year. After it closed down, some of the students left the village, while others were home schooled.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Nikolski, Alaska Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.