Nitro, West Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Nitro
City
Motto: Living Memorial to World War I
Location in Kanawha County and state of West Virginia.
Location in Kanawha County and state of West Virginia.
Country  United States
State  West Virginia
Counties Kanawha, Putnam
Area
 • Total 4.67 sq mi (12.10 km2)
 • Land 4.28 sq mi (11.09 km2)
 • Water 0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
Elevation 594 ft (181 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,178
 • Estimate (2014) 6,837
 • Density 1,677.1/sq mi (647.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 25143
Area code(s) 304/681
FIPS code 54-59068
GNIS feature ID 1555228
Website http://www.cityofnitro.org/
(Official site is undergoing a complete redesign, which may limit access. The sites redesign is expected to be complete by November 2012.)

Nitro is a city in Kanawha and Putnam counties in the State of West Virginia, along the Kanawha River. The population was 7,178 at the 2010 census. Nitro is a part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 287,702. New definitions from February 28, 2013 placed the population at 363,000.

Nitro was incorporated in 1932 by Circuit Court.

City name origin

The name Nitro derives from nitrocellulose, the main ingredient in gunpowder. The Nitro area was to be the American ammunition production facility during World War I. Daniel C. Jackling "supervised the construction and operation" of the plant, which by the time of the armistice "was producing one hundred thousand pounds of high explosives per day."

Its name was selected by the United States government because of the establishment there, during World War I, of a large federal plant for the manufacture of explosives. The city is known as "a Living Memorial to World War I."

Geography

Nitro is located at 38°24′55″N 81°49′52″W / 38.41528°N 81.83111°W / 38.41528; -81.83111 (38.415281, -81.831249), primarily in Kanawha County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.67 square miles (12.10 km2), of which, 4.28 square miles (11.09 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.01 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 2,983
1950 3,314 11.1%
1960 6,894 108.0%
1970 8,019 16.3%
1980 8,074 0.7%
1990 6,851 −15.1%
2000 6,824 −0.4%
2010 7,178 5.2%
Est. 2015 6,763 −5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
2014 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,178 people, 3,250 households, and 1,914 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,677.1 inhabitants per square mile (647.5/km2). There were 3,507 housing units at an average density of 819.4 per square mile (316.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 2.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 3,250 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 40.5 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,824 people, 3,015 households, and 1,935 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,821.2 people per square mile (702.6/km²). There were 3,217 housing units at an average density of 858.6 per square mile (331.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.64% White, 1.63% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

There were 3,015 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.80.

The age distribution was 20.1% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,389, and the median income for a family was $41,367. Males had a median income of $30,086 versus $21,932 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,453. About 7.3% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

Agent Orange

In February 2012, Monsanto agreed to settle a case covering Dioxin contamination around a plant in Nitro that had made Agent Orange. Monsanto agreed to pay up to $9 million for cleanup of affected homes, $84 million for medical monitoring of people affected, and the community's legal fees.

Scientific Research Activities

In 2001 Clonaid operated a lab in Nitro that was tied to the Raelians. It was located inside a rented room within a former high school. The FDA said that the equipment in lab was state-of-the-art and had been bought by a former West Virginia state legislator Mark Hunt.


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