Kanawha County, West Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Kanawha County, West Virginia
Seal of Kanawha County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Kanawha County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded October 5, 1789
Seat Charleston
Largest City Charleston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

911 sq mi (2,359 km²)
902 sq mi (2,336 km²)
9.3 sq mi (24 km²), 1.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

188,332
211/sq mi (81/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.kanawha.us
Named for: Kanawha River

Kanawha County (/kəˈnɔː/ kə-NAW or /kəˈnɔːə/ kə-NAW) is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 193,063, making it West Virginia's most populous county. Its county seat is Charleston, the state capital.

Kanawha County is part of the Charleston, West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county began taking formation on November 14, 1788 under authorization of the Virginia General Assembly, and was founded on October 5, 1789. The county was named for the Kanawha River, which in turn was named after the Indian tribe that lived in the area. The county was the site of a major Textbook controversy in 1974 that included bombings and received national attention.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 911 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 902 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (1.0%) is water. It is the fourth-largest county in West Virginia by area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-64.svg Interstate 64
  • I-77.svg Interstate 77
  • I-79.svg Interstate 79
  • US 60.svg U.S. Route 60
  • US 119.svg U.S. Route 119
  • WV-4.svg West Virginia Route 4
  • WV-25.svg West Virginia Route 25
  • WV-34.svg West Virginia Route 34
  • WV-61.svg West Virginia Route 61
  • WV-62.svg West Virginia Route 62
  • WV-94.svg West Virginia Route 94
  • WV-114.svg West Virginia Route 114
  • WV-214.svg West Virginia Route 214
  • WV-501.svg West Virginia Route 501
  • WV-601.svg West Virginia Route 601
  • WV-622.svg West Virginia Route 622
  • WV-817.svg West Virginia Route 817

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,239
1810 3,866 19.4%
1820 6,399 65.5%
1830 9,326 45.7%
1840 13,567 45.5%
1850 15,353 13.2%
1860 16,150 5.2%
1870 22,349 38.4%
1880 32,466 45.3%
1890 42,756 31.7%
1900 54,696 27.9%
1910 81,457 48.9%
1920 119,650 46.9%
1930 157,667 31.8%
1940 195,619 24.1%
1950 239,629 22.5%
1960 252,925 5.5%
1970 229,515 −9.3%
1980 231,414 0.8%
1990 207,619 −10.3%
2000 200,073 −3.6%
2010 193,063 −3.5%
Est. 2015 188,332 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 200,073 people, 86,226 households, and 55,960 families residing in the county. The population density was 222 people per square mile (86/km²). There were 93,788 housing units at an average density of 104 per square mile (40/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.46% White, 6.97% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 86,226 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.

The age distribution was 21.30% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,766, and the median income for a family was $42,568. Males had a median income of $33,842 versus $24,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,354. About 11.20% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.60% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 193,063 people, 84,201 households, and 52,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 214.1 inhabitants per square mile (82.7/km2). There were 92,618 housing units at an average density of 102.7 per square mile (39.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.1% white, 7.3% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.8% were German, 14.2% were Irish, 13.9% were English, and 13.4% were American.

Of the 84,201 households, 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families, and 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 42.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,669 and the median income for a family was $54,203. Males had a median income of $42,522 versus $31,754 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,439. About 9.7% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

Parks Golf
Coonskin Park Coonskin Golf Course
Shawnee Park Shawnee Golf Course
Meadowood Park Edgewood Country Club
Pioneer Park Little Creek Golf Course
Wallace Hartman Nature Preserve Sleepy Hollow Golf Club
Cato Park Sandy Brae Golf Course
Ridenour Park Berry Hills Country Club
Big Bend Park Big Bend Golf Course
Kanawha State Forest
Saint Albans City Park

Events

Attractions

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Kanawha County, West Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.