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Lincoln County, West Virginia facts for kids

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Lincoln County
Lincoln County
The Lincoln County Courthouse in Hamlin in 2007
The Lincoln County Courthouse in Hamlin in 2007
Map of West Virginia highlighting Lincoln County
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  West Virginia
Founded February 23, 1867
Named for Abraham Lincoln
Seat Hamlin
Largest town Hamlin
 • Total 439 sq mi (1,140 km2)
 • Land 437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.4%%
 • Total 21,720
 • Estimate 
 • Density 49.48/sq mi (19.103/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Lincoln County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,720. Its county seat is Hamlin. The county was created in 1867 and named for Abraham Lincoln.

Lincoln County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Lincoln County was created by an act of the West Virginia Legislature on February 23, 1867, from parts of Boone, Cabell, Kanawha and Putnam counties. By 1869, the county had returned much of its Putnam County territory and absorbed the northern portion of Logan County and a portion of Wayne County. In 1869, Harts Creek Township (later district) was created from this latter region. Lincoln County is one of five counties created by West Virginia since the Civil War. Hamlin, seat of government for the county, was established in 1853.

Jesse, John, David, William, and Moses McComas were the first Anglo settlers in what is now Lincoln County. They cultivated 20 acres (81,000 m2) of corn, the first ever grown in the area near present-day West Hamlin, in 1799. Later that year, they returned to eastern Virginia to get their families. Their families were initially left behind because it was not known if there were any hostile Native Americans in the area, or if the soil would be suitable for cultivation. John Lucas, William Hinch, and John Johnson soon joined the McComases in the county. They built cabins in the county around 1800. About 1804, William Wirt Brumfield settled at the mouth of Big Ugly Creek.

During the Civil War, based on military enlistments, Lincoln County appears to have been evenly divided in its sympathies. The county hosted a handful of small skirmishes, mostly centered on Mud River.

After the Civil War, timbering constituted the county's primary industry. The county also became nationally known for its tobacco cultivation. In the early twentieth century, the county experienced a gas boom.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 439 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 119.svg U.S. Highway 119
  • WV-3.svg West Virginia Route 3
  • WV-10.svg West Virginia Route 10
  • WV-34.svg West Virginia Route 34
  • WV-37.svg West Virginia Route 37
  • WV-214.svg West Virginia Route 214

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,053
1880 8,739 72.9%
1890 11,246 28.7%
1900 15,434 37.2%
1910 20,491 32.8%
1920 19,378 −5.4%
1930 19,156 −1.1%
1940 22,886 19.5%
1950 22,466 −1.8%
1960 20,267 −9.8%
1970 18,912 −6.7%
1980 23,675 25.2%
1990 21,382 −9.7%
2000 22,108 3.4%
2010 21,720 −1.8%
2019 (est.) 20,409 −6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,720 people, 8,783 households, and 6,268 families living in the county. The population density was 49.7 inhabitants per square mile (19.2/km2). There were 9,887 housing units at an average density of 22.6 per square mile (8.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.0% white, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were American, 12.8% were Irish, 12.4% were English, and 12.4% were German.

Of the 8,783 households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,868 and the median income for a family was $37,667. Males had a median income of $43,662 versus $23,166 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,439. About 22.8% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

  • Dagmar, actress
  • Lloyd G. Jackson, politician
  • Clark Kessinger, fiddler
  • Clark W. May, politician
  • J. S. Pridemore, oil industrialist
  • Johnny Sias, professional disc golfer and PDGA World Champion
  • Russ Thomas, professional football player
  • John S. Witcher, Civil War senior officer
  • Chuck Yeager, aviator

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Lincoln (Virginia Occidental) para niños

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