Mingo County, West Virginia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The Coal House museum in Williamson.
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||January 30, 1895|
|Named for||Mingo people|
|• Total||424 sq mi (1,100 km2)|
|• Land||423 sq mi (1,100 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2 km2) 0.2%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||63.30/sq mi (24.440/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Mingo County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,839. Its county seat and largest city is Williamson. Created in 1895, Mingo is West Virginia's newest county, named for the historic Iroquoian Mingo people.
Mingo County is the newest county in the state, formed by an act of the state legislature in 1895 from parts of Logan County. Its founding was related to a legal protest by a moonshiner, who claimed that the Logan County Court that had found him guilty did not have jurisdiction over his case, because his still was actually located in Lincoln County. A land survey was taken and discovered that the defendant was correct. The charges were then refiled in Lincoln County court. Although the moonshiner was ultimately found guilty of his crime, the state legislature was made aware of the situation and determined that Logan County was too large for the expeditious administration of justice and decided to create a new county, called Mingo. The county was named in honor of the Mingo Indians.
The attempt to unionize coal miners in the county in the 1920s led to the Battle of Blair Mountain in neighboring Logan County.
Politically, Mingo County is well known for its opposition to former President Barack Obama. In 2008, Obama netted only 8 percent of the vote in the Democratic primary, one of his worst performances. In 2012, despite Obama being the presumptive nominee, Democrats in Mingo County voted for Keith Russell Judd, a convicted felon who was the only other candidate on the ballot, over Obama.
In 2014, Mingo County native Jeremy T.K. Farley published "The Ghosts of Mingo County," a history book of what he described as "the bloodiest county in America." The book was met with mixed reviews; some residents stated that publication portrayed the county as being too lawless, while others believed the book accurately told the county's history.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 424 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 423 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.
- I‑73 (future)
- I‑74 (future)
- U.S. Highway 52
- U.S. Highway 119
- West Virginia Route 49
- West Virginia Route 65
- West Virginia Route 80
- Lincoln County (north)
- Logan County (northeast)
- Wyoming County (east)
- McDowell County (southeast)
- Pike County, Kentucky (west)
- Martin County, Kentucky (west)
- Wayne County (northwest)
- Buchanan County, Virginia (southeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,839 people, 11,125 households, and 7,707 families living in the county. The population density was 63.4 inhabitants per square mile (24.5/km2). There were 12,699 housing units at an average density of 30.0 per square mile (11.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 1.8% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.6% were Irish, 11.9% were American, 7.0% were German, and 6.9% were English.
Of the 11,125 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 40.9 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,902 and the median income for a family was $40,199. Males had a median income of $46,917 versus $27,168 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,629. About 16.9% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Williamson (county seat)
- Beech Ben Mate District
- Kermit Harvey District
- Lee District
- Magnolia District
- Stafford District
- Tug Hardee District
- Williamson District
Historical Magisterial Districts
- Hardee Magisterial District
- Harvey Magisterial District
- Kermit Magisterial District
- Tug River Magisterial District
Most common surnames in Mingo County as of 2014, by order of incidence:
- Don Blankenship, former president and CEO of Massey Energy, 2018 Senate candidate
- H. Truman Chafin, former and longest-serving state senator
- Doc Edwards, former Major League Baseball catcher and manager
- Robert H. "Doc" Foglesong, four-star general in the United States Air Force, president of Mississippi State University from 2006 to 2008
- James H. "Buck" Harless, timber and coal operator, former president and CEO of International Industries
- Anse Hatfield, patriarch of Hatfield family involved in Hatfield–McCoy feud