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Martin County, Kentucky facts for kids

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Martin County
County government center
County government center
Map of Kentucky highlighting Martin County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kentucky
Founded September 1, 1870
Named for John P. Martin
Seat Inez
Largest city Inez
 • Total 231 sq mi (600 km2)
 • Land 230 sq mi (600 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.4%%
 • Total 11,287 Decrease
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,929. Its county seat is Inez. The county was founded in 1870 and is named for Congressman John Preston Martin. Warfield, Kentucky, is the only non-dry city in the county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (600 km2), of which 230 square miles (600 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.4%) is water. The county's eastern border is formed by the Tug Fork of the Big Sandy River.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 3,057
1890 4,209 37.7%
1900 5,780 37.3%
1910 7,291 26.1%
1920 7,654 5.0%
1930 8,584 12.2%
1940 10,970 27.8%
1950 11,677 6.4%
1960 10,201 −12.6%
1970 9,377 −8.1%
1980 13,925 48.5%
1990 12,526 −10.0%
2000 12,578 0.4%
2010 12,929 2.8%
2020 11,287 −12.7%
2021 (est.) 11,140 −13.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2021

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,578 people, 4,776 households, and 3,620 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 per square mile (21/km2). There were 5,551 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.25% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,776 households, out of which 39.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.10% under the age of 18; 9.50% from 18 to 24; 29.30% from 25 to 44; 23.30% from 45 to 64,; and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,279, and the median income for a family was $21,574. Males had a median income of $31,994 versus $18,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,650. About 33.30% of families and 37.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.10% of those under age 18 and 26.90% of those age 65 or over.



The Federal Bureau of Prisons U.S. Penitentiary, Big Sandy is located in unincorporated Martin County, near Inez.

Water quality is poor due to outdated water infrastructure. A local food pantry has installed a hydropanel array capable of providing 3,000 bottles of clean drinking water monthly.

Coal companies in Martin County

  • Alliance Resource Partners


The Martin County School System operates public schools.

  • Martin County High School
  • Martin County Area Technology Center
  • Martin County Middle School
  • Eden Elementary School
  • Inez Elementary School
  • Warfield Elementary School
  • Martin County Head Start

There is one private Christian school located in Martin County

  • Sure Foundations Christian Academy

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Martin (Kentucky) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
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Calvin Brent
Walter T. Bailey
Martha Cassell Thompson
Alberta Jeannette Cassell
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