Roane County, West Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Roane County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Roane County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 11, 1856
Seat Spencer
Largest City Spencer
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

484 sq mi (1,254 km²)
484 sq mi (1,254 km²)
0.2 sq mi (1 km²), 0.03%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

14,435
30/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.roanecounty.wv.gov/
Named for: Spencer Roane

Roane County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,926. Its county seat is Spencer. The county was founded in 1856 and is named for Spencer Roane.

History

Roane County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on March 11, 1856. It was named for the jurist Spencer Roane of Virginia, born in Essex County April 4, 1762. The county's seat Spencer was also named for judge Roane.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 484 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 484 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-79.svg Interstate 79
  • US 33.svg U.S. Highway 33
  • US 119.svg U.S. Highway 119
  • WV-14.svg West Virginia Route 14
  • WV-36.svg West Virginia Route 36

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,381
1870 7,232 34.4%
1880 12,184 68.5%
1890 15,303 25.6%
1900 19,852 29.7%
1910 21,543 8.5%
1920 20,129 −6.6%
1930 19,478 −3.2%
1940 20,787 6.7%
1950 18,408 −11.4%
1960 15,720 −14.6%
1970 14,111 −10.2%
1980 15,952 13.0%
1990 15,120 −5.2%
2000 15,446 2.2%
2010 14,926 −3.4%
Est. 2015 14,435 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,446 people, 6,161 households, and 4,479 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,360 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,161 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,511, and the median income for a family was $29,280. Males had a median income of $28,738 versus $17,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,195. About 17.80% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.10% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,926 people, 6,195 households, and 4,193 families residing in the county. The population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 7,351 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were American, 17.9% were Irish, 15.3% were German, and 9.1% were English.

Of the 6,195 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 43.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,428 and the median income for a family was $35,289. Males had a median income of $32,106 versus $22,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,103. About 21.5% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Town

Unincorporated communities


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