North Caldwell, New Jersey facts for kids

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North Caldwell, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of North Caldwell
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of North Caldwell, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of North Caldwell, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 31, 1898
Named for James Caldwell
Area
 • Total 3.016 sq mi (7.811 km2)
 • Land 3.011 sq mi (7.799 km2)
 • Water 0.005 sq mi (0.012 km2)  0.15%
Area rank 334th of 566 in state
15th of 22 in county
Elevation 420 ft (130 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 6,183
 • Estimate (2015) 6,661
 • Rank 337th of 566 in state
20th of 22 in county
 • Density 2,053.2/sq mi (792.7/km2)
 • Density rank 289th of 566 in state
19th of 22 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07006 - Caldwell
Area code(s) 201 and 973
FIPS code 3401352620
GNIS feature ID 0878839
Website www.northcaldwell.org

North Caldwell is a borough in northwestern Essex County, New Jersey, United States, and a suburb of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,183, reflecting a decline of 1,192 (-16.2%) from the 7,375 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 669 (+10.0%) from the 6,706 counted in the 1990 Census.

North Caldwell was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1898, from portions of Caldwell Township (now known as Fairfield Township). In 1982, the borough was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had already made the change. Ultimately, more than a dozen Essex County municipalities reclassified themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. Effective January 1, 1992, it again became a borough. The borough derives its name from Presbyterian minister James Caldwell.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked North Caldwell as its 10th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey, as well as the 3rd best place to live in its 2013 ranking.

History

North Caldwell was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange. In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.

The borough housed the Essex County Penitentiary, constructed in 1872 and used as the Essex County Jail Annex until 2004. Since 1920, the inmates at the jail had been included in the borough's population statistics by the Census Bureau. It was sold to K. Hovnanian Companies in 2002, which redeveloped the site into a residential community.

In 1994, the "Unabomber", Theodore Kaczynski, sent a mail bomb that killed Thomas J. Mosser, an advertising executive who lived here.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.016 square miles (7.811 km2), including 3.011 square miles (7.799 km2) of land and 0.005 square miles (0.012 km2) of water (0.15%).

The borough is bordered by Little Falls, Wayne, Fairfield Township, Cedar Grove, West Caldwell, Caldwell, Essex Fells and Verona.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 297
1910 595 100.3%
1920 683 14.8%
1930 1,492 118.4%
1940 1,572 5.4%
1950 1,781 13.3%
1960 4,163 133.7%
1970 6,733 61.7%
1980 5,832 −13.4%
1990 6,706 15.0%
2000 7,375 10.0%
2010 6,183 −16.2%
Est. 2015 6,661 −9.7%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,183 people, 2,092 households, and 1,820 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,053.2 per square mile (792.7/km2). There were 2,134 housing units at an average density of 708.6 per square mile (273.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 91.69% (5,669) White, 0.73% (45) Black or African American, 0.03% (2) Native American, 5.73% (354) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.49% (30) from other races, and 1.34% (83) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.21% (260) of the population.

There were 2,092 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $151,953 (with a margin of error of +/- $28,824) and the median family income was $178,750 (+/- $38,265). Males had a median income of $140,729 (+/- $14,382) versus $74,750 (+/- $15,480) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $71,798 (+/- $8,574). About 0.0% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,375 people, 2,070 households, and 1,834 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,464.6 people per square mile (952.3/km2). There were 2,108 housing units at an average density of 704.5 per square mile (272.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 79.63% White, 14.51% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.71% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.16% of the population.

There were 2,070 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.4% were non-families. 9.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 118.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $117,395, and the median income for a family was $125,465. Males had a median income of $87,902 versus $47,904 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,249. About 0.8% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 35.53 miles (57.18 km) of roadways, of which 29.55 miles (47.56 km) were maintained by the municipality and 5.98 miles (9.62 km) by Essex County.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service to Newark on the 29 route.

Popular culture connections

Casa Soprano
In The Sopranos, Tony Soprano and his family resided in this North Caldwell house
  • In the HBO television show The Sopranos, Tony Soprano and his family reside in North Caldwell. Many scenes from the show were filmed in North Caldwell and other communities in North Jersey.
  • Stuckeyville, the fictional town in the NBC television series Ed, was modeled after North Caldwell.
  • The 1994 film North included scenes which were filmed in North Caldwell.
  • Sylvester Stallone filmed scenes from the movie Cop Land in 1997 at the Hilltop Reservations.
  • Jermaine Jackson filmed the "Dynamite" music video in 1984 at the Essex County Jail Annex.

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