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Northern Province, Sri Lanka facts for kids

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Northern Province
வட மாகாணம்
උතුරු පළාත
Sunset over a lagoon
Sunset over a lagoon
Flag of Northern Province
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Districts of the Northern Province
Districts of the Northern Province
Country Sri Lanka
Created 1 October 1833
Provincial council 14 November 1987
 • Total 8,884 km2 (3,430 sq mi)
 • Land 8,290 km2 (3,200 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd (13.54% of total area)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 1,058,762
 • Rank 9th (5.22% of total pop.)
 • Density 119.176/km2 (308.665/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)
Post Codes 40000-45999
Telephone Codes 021, 023, 024
ISO 3166 code LK-4
Vehicle registration NP
Official languages Tamil, Sinhala
Flower Kaanthal
Tree Maruthu
Bird Seven sisters
Animal Male deer

The Northern Province (Tamil: வட மாகாணம் Vaṭakku Mākāṇam; Sinhala: උතුරු පළාත Uturu Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The Sri Lankan Civil War began in this province. It where most of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka live.

Provinces in Sri Lanka were created in the 19th century. Provincial councils were created in 1987 by a change to the Constitution. Between 1988 and 2006 the Northern Province and the Eastern Province were temporarily put together to make the North Eastern Province.


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Northern Province, Sri Lanka Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.