Oil spill facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Oil-spill
Kelp at an oil spill
Oiled bird 3
Oil-covered bird, the result of an oil spill
New Harbor Island, La during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Special barriers limit the spread of the oil spill

The pollution of the environment with crude or mineral oil or their by-products is called an oil spill. Most often the term is used for marine environments, where coasts, lakes, rivers and oceans are polluted. There are three main ways to combat such pollution once it has occurred:

  • Use of barriers to limit the pollution to a given zone.
  • Skimming of the oil with specially constructed ships
  • Chemical dispersion of the oil
  • Controlled burning of the oil
  • Bioremediation, using microogranisms that consume the oil or oil-related products

An oil spill can not only affect the coasts,lakes,rivers and oceans but also the environment. many animals could get injured and later die without help. Also all the vegetation around could get infected by the oil.

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Oil spill Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.