Osborne, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Osborne, Kansas
City
Osborne County Courthouse (2012)
Osborne County Courthouse (2012)
Location within Osborne County and Kansas
Location within Osborne County and Kansas
KDOT map of Osborne County (legend)
KDOT map of Osborne County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Osborne
Founded 1871
Incorporated 1878
Area
 • Total 1.56 sq mi (4.04 km2)
 • Land 1.56 sq mi (4.04 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,552 ft (473 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,431
 • Estimate (2015) 1,369
 • Density 917/sq mi (354.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67473
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-53325
GNIS feature ID 0472281
Website DiscoverOsborne.com

Osborne is a city in and the county seat of Osborne County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,431.

History

Settlers from southeastern Pennsylvania founded Osborne City in May 1871. They named the settlement after Vincent B. Osborne, a Union Army veteran of the American Civil War, same as the county. Osborne City became the permanent county seat in November 1872. A district judge officially proclaimed it a city in May 1873, but the townspeople failed to legally organize a government. Five years later, a second attempt was successful, and the settlement incorporated as a city in 1878. "City" was dropped from its name by the mid-1890s.

A bridge was built at Osborne over the Solomon River in 1878.

Geography

Osborne is located at 39°26′26″N 98°41′50″W / 39.44056°N 98.69722°W / 39.44056; -98.69722 (39.440651, -98.697118), at an elevation of 1,552 feet (473 m). Located at the intersection of U.S. Route 281 and U.S. Route 24 in north-central Kansas, it is approximately 134 miles (216 km) northwest of Wichita, 219 miles (352 km) west-northwest of Kansas City, and 339 miles (546 km) east of Denver.

Osborne lies on the north side of the South Fork Solomon River in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains. The Osborne Canal, part of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation's Webster Unit Project, runs east along the northern edge of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.56 square miles (4.04 km2), all of it land.

Climate

On average in Osborne, July is the warmest month, January is the coldest month, and May is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Osborne was 116 °F (47 °C) in 1940; the coldest temperature recorded was -31 °F (-35 °C) in 1989.

Climate data for Osborne, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(26.7)
87
(30.6)
94
(34.4)
106
(41.1)
105
(40.6)
113
(45)
116
(46.7)
113
(45)
112
(44.4)
103
(39.4)
88
(31.1)
82
(27.8)
116
(46.7)
Average high °F (°C) 39
(3.9)
46
(7.8)
56
(13.3)
67
(19.4)
75
(23.9)
87
(30.6)
93
(33.9)
91
(32.8)
82
(27.8)
71
(21.7)
53
(11.7)
42
(5.6)
66.8
(19.35)
Average low °F (°C) 12
(-11.1)
17
(-8.3)
26
(-3.3)
37
(2.8)
48
(8.9)
59
(15)
65
(18.3)
62
(16.7)
52
(11.1)
38
(3.3)
25
(-3.9)
16
(-8.9)
38.1
(3.38)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(-31.1)
−22
(-30)
−17
(-27.2)
9
(-12.8)
21
(-6.1)
33
(0.6)
41
(5)
38
(3.3)
18
(-7.8)
6
(-14.4)
−10
(-23.3)
−31
(-35)
−31
(-35)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.60
(15.2)
0.80
(20.3)
2.21
(56.1)
2.58
(65.5)
4.02
(102.1)
3.20
(81.3)
3.91
(99.3)
3.12
(79.2)
2.30
(58.4)
1.63
(41.4)
1.60
(40.6)
0.76
(19.3)
26.73
(678.9)
Source: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 719
1890 1,174 63.3%
1900 1,075 −8.4%
1910 1,566 45.7%
1920 1,635 4.4%
1930 1,881 15.0%
1940 1,876 −0.3%
1950 2,068 10.2%
1960 2,049 −0.9%
1970 1,980 −3.4%
1980 2,120 7.1%
1990 1,778 −16.1%
2000 1,607 −9.6%
2010 1,431 −11.0%
Est. 2015 1,369 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,431 people, 633 households, and 390 families residing in the city. The population density was 917.3 inhabitants per square mile (354.2/km2). There were 776 housing units at an average density of 497.4 per square mile (192.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 633 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 48.1 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 27% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,400, and the median income for a family was $51,042. Males had a median income of $34,200 versus $20,880 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,902. About 8.3% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,607 people, 693 households, and 419 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,068.1 people per square mile (413.6/km²). There were 841 housing units at an average density of 559.0 per square mile (216.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.88% White, 0.19% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.

There were 693 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

Transportation

U.S. Route 281 runs north-south through Osborne, meeting U.S. Route 24, an east-west route, just north of the city. At the junction, U.S. 24 turns north and runs concurrently with U.S. 281.

Osborne Municipal Airport is located immediately southeast of the city. It is used primarily for general aviation.

Osborne is the western terminus of a line of the Kyle Railroad. The city is also the northwestern terminus of a line of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad.

Culture

Points of interest

The Osborne County Historical Museum exhibits artifacts from local history, including antique farm equipment, period clothing and housewares, and American Indian artifacts, and maintains on site a one-room school house built in 1912.

A roadside park at the north end of the city displays information about the geodetic center of North America, which is located roughly 18 miles (29 km) south-southeast of the city, and hosts a replica of the geodetic marker at the site.


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