Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency) facts for kids

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Type: House of Commons
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Oxford East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Andrew Smith of the Labour Party.

History

Until 1983, the whole of Oxford, including most of this seat, was part of the Oxford constituency. For the first four years, the constituency was served by Steven Norris, a Conservative; since his defeat at the hands of the current MP the seat has seen the Conservative share of the vote plummet to 18.8% in 2010. The seat has been since 2001 a Labour–Lib Dem marginal in terms of the majorities received by Labour's Andrew Smith.

Historic changes to boundaries

The 1997 boundary changes moved two semi-rural Conservative-leaning wards out of the seat, and incorporated the urban Oxford South ward that was strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour.

Constituency profile

Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates panel hustings St Michael at the Northgate
Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates (Andrew Smith represented by a colleague) with hustings chair the Very Revd Bob Wilkes.

The constituency covers the eastern and southern parts of Oxford in Oxfordshire. It borders Oxford West and Abingdon to the West and Henley to the North, East and South.

The constituency includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford Colleges, Cowley (famous for its car factory) and the Blackbird Leys council estate, but there is a large percentage of student voters from both Oxford and Oxford Brookes Universities (the latter being based in the seat, in leafy suburban Headington).

Due to the high student and university-related vote, Smith came within a thousand votes of losing the seat to a Liberal Democrats at the 2005 election with such issues as the Iraq War and top-up fees losing many votes for the former Work and Pensions Secretary. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.

Boundaries

Oxford East climate hustings
Oxford East candidates in the 2010 general election at a climate change hustings.

1983-1997: The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Marston, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm, and the District of South Oxfordshire wards of Littlemore, Marston, and Risinghurst.

1997-2010: The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Littlemore, Marston, Old Marston and Risinghurst, Quarry, St Clement's, South, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm.

2010-present: The City of Oxford wards of Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Carfax, Churchill, Cowley, Cowley Marsh, Headington, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Holywell, Iffley Fields, Littlemore, Lye Valley, Marston, Northfield Brook, Quarry and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement's, and St Mary's.

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the General Election 2010. These changes added Carfax and Holywell wards from Oxford West and Abingdon. This means that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford Colleges now sit in Oxford East, whereas they had previously sat in Oxford West and Abingdon for the most part. It was expected that this would benefit the Liberal Democrats in this marginal constituency. However, in a shock result, when the seat was first contested on its new boundaries in 2010, the Labour incumbent Andrew Smith managed to quadruple his majority on various pro-Labour two-party swings defying the vast majority of those nationally. In 2008 on the constituency's previous boundaries Labour "won" 11 of the wards, Lib Dems 4, the Greens 3 and the Independent Working Class Association 1.

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2015: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 25,356 50.0 +7.5
Conservative Melanie Magee 10,076 19.9 +1.0
Green Ann Duncan 5,890 11.6 +9.2
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Alasdair Murray 5,453 10.8 -22.8
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Ian Macdonald 3,451 6.8 +4.5
Independent Chaka Artwell 160 0.3 +0.3
Monster Raving Loony Mad Hatter 145 0.3 +0.3
style="background-color: Template:Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition|Template:Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition/meta/shortname]] James Morbin 108 0.2 +0.2
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Party of Great Britain/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Party of Great Britain|Template:Socialist Party of Great Britain/meta/shortname]] Kevin Parkin 50 0.1 +0.1
Majority 15,280 30.1
Turnout 64.2
Labour hold Swing
Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates standing hustings St Michael at the Northgate
Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates (Andrew Smith represented by a colleague) with hustings chair the Very Revd Bob Wilkes.
General Election 2010: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 21,938 42.47 +6.5
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Steve Goddard 17,357 33.6 −1.6
Conservative Ed Argar 9,727 18.8 +1.5
Green Sushila Dhall 1,238 2.4 −2.1
[[United Kingdom Independence Party|Template:United Kingdom Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Julia Gasper 1,202 2.3 +0.6
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Equality Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Equality Party (UK)|Template:Socialist Equality Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] David O'Sullivan 116 0.2 N/A
style="background-color: Template:Equal Parenting Alliance/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Equal Parenting Alliance|Template:Equal Parenting Alliance/meta/shortname]] Roger Crawford 73 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,581 8.9
Turnout 51,651 63.1 +5.6
Labour hold Swing +2.45

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 15,405 36.9 −12.5
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Steve Goddard 14,442 34.6 +11.2
Conservative Virginia Morris 6,992 16.7 −2.0
Green Jacob Sanders 1,813 4.3 +0.5
Independent ('New Loony') Honest Blair 1,485 3.6 N/A
style="background-color: Template:Independent Working Class Association/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Independent Working Class Association|Template:Independent Working Class Association/meta/shortname]] Maurice Leen 892 2.1 N/A
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Peter Gardner 715 1.7 +0.3
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 46 0.1 −0.1
Majority 963 2.3
Turnout 41,790 57.9 +2.1
Labour hold Swing −11.8
General Election 2001: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 19,681 49.4 −7.4
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Steve Goddard 9,337 23.4 +8.7
Conservative Cheryl Potter 7,446 18.7 −3.3
Green Pritam Singh 1,501 3.8 +1.7
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Alliance (England)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Alliance (England)|Template:Socialist Alliance (England)/meta/shortname]] John Lister 708 1.8 N/A
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Peter Gardner 570 1.4 +0.9
style="background-color: Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Socialist Labour Party (UK)|Template:Socialist Labour Party (UK)/meta/shortname]] Fahim Ahmed 274 0.7 N/A
style="background-color: Template:ProLife Alliance/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[ProLife Alliance|Template:ProLife Alliance/meta/shortname]] Linda Hodge 254 0.6 −0.1
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 77 0.2 0.0
Majority 10,344 26.0
Turnout 39,848 55.8 −12.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 27,205 56.8 +6.6
Conservative Jonathan Djanogly 10,540 22.0 −11.5
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] George Kershaw 7,038 14.7 +0.7
style="background-color: Template:Referendum Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Referendum Party|Template:Referendum Party/meta/shortname]] John Young 1,391 2.9 N/A
Green Craig Simmons 975 2.0 +0.0
style="background-color: Template:ProLife Alliance/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[ProLife Alliance|Template:ProLife Alliance/meta/shortname]] William Harper-Jones 318 0.7 N/A
[[UK Independence Party|Template:UK Independence Party/meta/shortname]] Peter Gardner 234 0.5 N/A
Natural Law John Thompson 108 0.2 N/A
Independent Anti-majority Democracy Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 68 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,665 34.8 +18.1
Turnout 47,877 68.4
Labour hold Swing +9.1
General Election 1992: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 23,702 50.4 +7.4
Conservative Mark Mayall 16,164 34.3 −6.1
[[Liberal Democrats|Template:Liberal Democrats/meta/shortname]] Martin Horwood 6,105 13.0 −2.6
Green Caroline Lucas 933 2.0 +1.1
Natural Law Ann Wilson 101 0.2 N/A
style="background-color: Template:Revolutionary Communist Party (UK, 1978)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | [[Revolutionary Communist Party (UK, 1978)|Template:Revolutionary Communist Party (UK, 1978)/meta/shortname]] Keith Thompson 48 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,538 16.1 +13.5
Turnout 47,053 74.6 −4.3
Labour hold Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Smith 21,103 43.0 +5.7
Conservative Steven Norris 19,815 40.4 +0.4
Liberal Margaret Godden 7,648 15.6 −7.1
Green Dave Dalton 441 0.9 N/A
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 1,288 2.6 −0.1
Turnout 49,067 78.9 +5.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.7
General Election 1983: Oxford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Steven Norris 18,808 40.0 N/A
Labour Andrew Smith 17,541 37.3 N/A
Liberal Margaret Godden 10,690 22.7 N/A
Majority 1,267 2.7 N/A
Turnout 47,039 73.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Neighbouring constituencies


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