Pope Boniface IX facts

Boniface IX
Papacy began 2 November 1389
Papacy ended 1 October 1404
Predecessor Pope Urban VI
Successor Pope Innocent VII
Personal details
Birth name Piero Tomacelli
Born 1350
Naples
Died October 1, 1404(1404-10-01)
Rome
Other Popes named Boniface

Pope Boniface IX (Latin: Bonifacius Nonus; 1350 – 1 October 1404), born Piero Tomacelli, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 204th Pope from 1389 until his death in 1404.

Early life

Piero Tomacelli was born into the baronial family of Casarano in the Kingdom of Naples.

Cardinal

In 1381, Pope Urban VI raised Tomacelli to the rank of cardinal.

Pope

Cardinal Tomacelli was elected pope in 1389; and he chose to be called Boniface IX.

Pope Boniface was involved in Italian and European political disputes.

Papal actions

  • 1391 – University of Ferrara established
  • 1392 – University of Efurt confirmed
  • 1396 – Jubilee celebrated at Rome
  • 1398 – University of Fermo established

Boniface canonized St. Birgitta of Sweden.

Western Schism

Boniface IX was pope during the years of the Western Schism, which was a split between factions of the Roman Catholic Church between 1378 and 1417.

During this period, there was more than one who claimed to be the true pope.

Popes of the Western Schism
Antipope John XXIIIAntipope John XXIIIAntipope Alexander VPope Gregory XIIPope Innocent VIIPope Innocent VIIPope Boniface IXPope Urban VIAvignon Pope Benedict XIIIAvignon Pope Clement VIIPope Martin VPope Gregory XI

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