Rügen facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Schloss Ralswiek 2 crop.jpg
Ralswiek Castle
Location Baltic Sea
Area 926.4 km2 (357.7 sq mi)
Length 51.4 km (31.9 mi)
Width 42.8 km (26.6 mi)
Coastline 574 km (357 mi)
Elevation 161 m (528 ft)
Highest point Piekberg
State  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
District Rügen
Population 77,000 (as of 2006)
Density 79/km2 (200/sq mi)

Rügen (German pronunciation: [ˈʁyːɡn̩]; also lat. Rugia; Ruegen) is Germany's largest island by area. It is located off the Pomeranian coast in the Baltic Sea and belongs to the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

The "gateway" to Rügen island is the Hanseatic city of Stralsund, where it is linked to the mainland by road and railway via the Rügen Bridge and Causeway, two routes crossing the two-kilometre-wide Strelasund, a sound of the Baltic Sea.

Rügen has a maximum length of 51.4 km (from north to south), a maximum width of 42.8 km in the south and an area of 926 km². The coast is characterized by numerous sandy beaches, lagoons (Bodden) and open bays (Wieke), as well as projecting peninsulas and headlands. In June 2011, UNESCO awarded the status of a World Heritage Site to the Jasmund National Park, famous for its vast stands of beeches and chalk cliffs like King's Chair, the main landmark of Rügen island.

The island of Rügen is part of the district of Vorpommern-Rügen, with its county seat in Stralsund. The towns on Rügen are: Bergen, Sassnitz, Putbus and Garz. In addition, there are the Baltic seaside resorts of Binz, Baabe, Göhren, Sellin and Thiessow.

Rügen is very popular as a tourist destination because of its resort architecture, the diverse landscape and its long, sandy beaches.


Rügen is in the northeast part of Germany in the Baltic Sea. The main landmass, Muttland, is surrounded my many peninsulas. There are also two national German park located on the island : Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park and Jasmund National Park.

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Rügen Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.