kids encyclopedia robot

Tuskegee airmen facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
(Redirected from Red Tails)
Tuskegee Airmen (unofficial)
Shield of the 332nd Fighter Group.svg
Emblems of wing
Active 1940–1952
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Corps
United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
Role Fighter unit
Part of 332nd Fighter Group (99th Fighter Squadron, 100th Fighter Squadron, 301st Fighter Squadron, 302d Fighter Squadron), 477th Medium Bombardment Group (616th Bombardment Squadron, 617th Bombardment Squadron, 618th Bombardment Squadron, 619th Bombardment Squadron)
Nickname(s) Red Tails
Red-Tail Angels
Motto(s) Spit Fire
Engagements World War II

The Tuskegee Airmen /tʌsˈkɡ/ is the popular name for a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. Formally, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces. The name also applies to the crew members and support personnel. Their units were all black and all segregated. They had an outstanding record. As fighter escorts they had the reputation that not a single bomber was lost to enemy action while being escorted by Tuskegee airmen.

The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States Armed Forces. During World War II, Black Americans in many U.S. states were still subject to the Jim Crow laws. Most Tuskegee pilots were trained at Tuskegee Army Airfield in Tuskegee, Alabama. Training bomber crews took longer than training fighter pilots and the war was won before they finished. Navigators and other crew members trained at various army based in the US.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Tuskegee airmen Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.