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Richmond, Missouri
Ray County Courthouse in Richmond
Ray County Courthouse in Richmond
Location of Richmond, Missouri
Location of Richmond, Missouri
Coordinates: 39°16′39″N 93°58′33″W / 39.27750°N 93.97583°W / 39.27750; -93.97583Coordinates: 39°16′39″N 93°58′33″W / 39.27750°N 93.97583°W / 39.27750; -93.97583
Country United States
State Missouri
County Ray
Named for Richmond, Virginia
Area
 • Total 6.17 sq mi (15.98 km2)
 • Land 6.15 sq mi (15.93 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
823 ft (251 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 5,797
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,653
 • Density 919.19/sq mi (354.91/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64085
Area code(s) 816
FIPS code 29-61670
GNIS feature ID 0725280
Website City of Richmond Official Website

Richmond is a city in Ray County, Missouri, and part of the Kansas City metropolitan area within the United States. The population was 5,797 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Ray County.

History

Richmond was platted in 1828. The community was named after Richmond, Virginia. A post office called Richmond has been in operation since 1828.

Geography

Richmond is located at 39°16′39″N 93°58′33″W / 39.27750°N 93.97583°W / 39.27750; -93.97583 (39.277550, -93.975907). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.90 square miles (15.28 km2), of which, 5.88 square miles (15.23 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 615
1870 1,218 98.0%
1880 1,424 16.9%
1890 2,895 103.3%
1900 3,478 20.1%
1910 3,664 5.3%
1920 4,409 20.3%
1930 4,129 −6.4%
1940 4,240 2.7%
1950 4,299 1.4%
1960 4,604 7.1%
1970 4,948 7.5%
1980 5,499 11.1%
1990 5,738 4.3%
2000 6,116 6.6%
2010 5,797 −5.2%
2019 (est.) 5,653 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,797 people, 2,430 households, and 1,475 families living in the city. The population density was 985.9 inhabitants per square mile (380.7/km2). There were 2,777 housing units at an average density of 472.3 per square mile (182.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White, 3.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 2,430 households, of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.

Arts and culture

Museums

The Ray County History Museum houses both the Ray County Historical Society and the library of the Ray County Genealogy Association. The large, two-story red brick building was built in 1910 as the Ray County Poor Farm with separate wings for male and female residents, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The museum's many rooms are filled with themed exhibits displaying artifacts from the Civil War, World War 1, World War 2, Mormon history, and local artifacts illustrating life on historical homesteads. According to local lore, the museum building is a site of suspected paranormal activity.

Visual and performing arts

Farris theater
An historic postcard featuring the Farris Theatre.

The Farris Theatre, which was designed by the prominent Kansas City architects Shepard and Farrar, and originally opened as the Dougherty Auditorium in 1901, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Today it is owned and operated by the Friends of Farris Theatre, Inc, a non-profit that organizes both live performances and showings of digital cinema movies. The theater is located within the Farris Arts District. The Arts District also includes the Hall for Arts Education and the Gallery and Museum for Fine Arts, which are housed in historic buildings originally built for the The Order of Knights of Pythias and Fraternal Order of Eagles.

Parks and recreation

The city has approximately 60 acres of parkland distributed across five public parks. Southview Park is the largest city park with 35.3 acres, and its facilities include a public outdoor swimming pool and a community amphitheater. Cevie Due Park is the site of the city's skate park. The centerpiece of Maurice Roberts park is a decommissioned Lockheed T-33 jet trainer airplane on outdoor display. Hamann Park is the newest park in the system, and is currently under development; plans include a nature walk through the mostly wooded six acre site.

In addition to parks, the city operates a gymnasium. Now part of the city hall complex, it was originally built in 1955 as a gym for the Richmond High School.

Richmond is home to a semi-private 18-hole golf course. The well-regarded course was designed in 1969 by Chet Mendenhall, who was a founding member of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA).

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Richmond is served by the R-XVI School District. The district operates four public schools: Dear Elementary School, Sunrise Elementary School, Richmond Middle School, and Richmond High School.

Libraries

The Ray County Library was officially formed by voters in 1946, and has been at its present location of 215 East Lexington St since 2004. The facilities include a genealogy room, a community room and a computer training lab.

The Ray County Genealogy Association maintains a library within the Ray County Museum.

Notable people

  • Aaron H. Conrow, attorney and Confederate States of America representative during the Civil War
  • Alexander William Doniphan, 19th-century soldier and political figure who spent his last years in Richmond
  • Lenvil Elliott, NFL player for Super Bowl champion San Francisco 49ers
  • Austin Augustus King, Governor of Missouri 1848–1853
  • Michael Letzig, professional golfer
  • Charles H. Mansur, U.S. congressman and second Comptroller of the Treasury
  • Jacob L. Milligan, U.S. congressman
  • Maurice M. Milligan, U.S. attorney who successfully prosecuted Kansas City political boss Tom Pendergast in 1939
  • John Rooney, radio and television sportscaster
  • Forrest Smith, Governor of Missouri 1949–1953
  • Beryl Wayne Sprinkel, economist
  • John Testrake, pilot, TWA Flight 847 – hijacked to Beirut June 1985
  • David Whitmer, mayor of Richmond, one of three witnesses of the Golden Plates
  • Oliver Cowdery, one of three witnesses of the Golden Plates
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