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Robben Island facts for kids

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Robben Island

Robben Island Village
Robben Island Village
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
Municipality City of Cape Town
 • Total 5.18 km2 (2.00 sq mi)
 • Total 116
 • Density 22.39/km2 (58.00/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African 60.3%
 • Coloured 23.3%
 • White 13.8%
 • Other 2.6%
First languages (2011)
 • Xhosa 37.9%
 • Afrikaans 35.3%
 • Zulu 15.5%
 • English 7.8%
 • Other 3.4%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
PO box
Type: Cultural
Criteria: iii, vi
Designated: 1999 (23rd session)
Reference #: 916
State Party: South Africa
Region: Africa

Robben Island is an island near Cape Town in South Africa. It was a high-security prison where Nelson Mandela was held captive for 18 years. He and the other political prisoners were forced to work at the limestone quarries on the island. They were not allowed to talk or do anything but work.

Robben Island is both a South African National Heritage Site as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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