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Rudaky dushanbe (Cropped).jpg
Adam of Poets
Born 859
Rudak, Samanid Empire (present day Tajikistan)
Died 941 (aged 83)
Rudak, Samanid Empire
Major shrine Rudaki Mausoleum, Panjakent, Tajikistan
Tradition or genre
Ghazal, Qasida, Rubais
Major works "Lament in Old Age", "Mother of Wine", Kalila va Dimna

Abū 'Abd Allāh Ja'far ibn Muḥammad al-Rūdhakī (born c. 859 — died 940/941), better known as Rudaki, and also known as "Adam of Poets", was a Persian poet regarded as the first great literary genius of the Modern Persian language.

Rudaki composed poems in the‌ modern Persian alphabet and is considered a founder of classical Persian literature. His poetry contains many of the oldest genres of Persian poetry including the quatrain, however, only a small percentage of his extensive poetry has survived. As it seems, Rudaki was the first person to combine different roles that were yet distinguishable entitles in the 9th century royal court: musician, poet and declaimer/reciter, and copyist.

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