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Russia, New York
Russia Union Church
Russia Union Church
Location within Herkimer County
Location within Herkimer County
Russia, New York is located in New York
Russia, New York
Russia, New York
Location in New York
Russia, New York is located in the United States
Russia, New York
Russia, New York
Location in the United States
Country United States
State New York
County Herkimer
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 60.42 sq mi (156.48 km2)
 • Land 56.96 sq mi (147.53 km2)
 • Water 3.46 sq mi (8.95 km2)
1,322 ft (403 m)
 • Total 2,587
 • Estimate 
 • Density 44.73/sq mi (17.27/km2)
Demonym(s) Russian
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-043-64254
GNIS feature ID 0979443

Russia is a U.S. town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 2,587 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the northwestern part of the county and is northeast of Utica.

The northern part of the town is in the Adirondack Park.


The town was first settled around 1792.

The Town of Russia was formed from the Town of Norway in 1806 as the "Town of Union." The name was changed to "Russia" in 1808. In 1836, part of Russia, along with part of the Town of Ohio, was used to form the now-defunct "Town of Willmurt." When the Town of Webb was formed in 1896, much of Willmurt was transferred to Webb with the rest returned to Ohio.

In 1865, the population of Russia was 2,030.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.4 square miles (156.4 km²), of which, 56.6 square miles (146.5 km²) of it is land and 3.8 square miles (9.9 km²) of it (6.34%) is water.

The western part of the town is the border of Oneida County as defined by the West Canada Creek.

New York State Route 8 and New York State Route 28 converge at Poland village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,685
1830 2,458 45.9%
1840 2,298 −6.5%
1850 2,349 2.2%
1860 2,389 1.7%
1870 2,220 −7.1%
1880 2,177 −1.9%
1890 2,145 −1.5%
1900 2,025 −5.6%
1910 1,772 −12.5%
1920 1,433 −19.1%
1930 1,347 −6.0%
1940 1,281 −4.9%
1950 1,420 10.9%
1960 1,761 24.0%
1970 2,160 22.7%
1980 2,405 11.3%
1990 2,294 −4.6%
2000 2,487 8.4%
2010 2,587 4.0%
2016 (est.) 2,548 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,487 people, 993 households, and 707 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.0 people per square mile (17.0/km2). There were 1,252 housing units at an average density of 22.1 per square mile (8.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.32% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 993 households, out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,588, and the median income for a family was $40,847. Males had a median income of $29,798 versus $20,968 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,563. About 12.1% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Russia

  • Cold Brook – The Village of Cold Brook is east of Poland village on NY-8.
  • Gang Mills – A former community in the northwest part of the Town of Russia. The name is from the large number of lumber mills once located in the settlement.
  • Grant – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, on Black Creek, south of the Hinckley Reservoir on County Road 184.
  • Gravesville – A hamlet west of Russia village, located on Gravesville Road (AKA County Road 242). It is named after William Graves, an early settler.
  • Hinckley Reservoir – The southwest end of the reservoir is at the north town line.
  • Northwood – A hamlet on the west town line north of the Hinckley Reservoir.
  • Pardeeville Corners – A location southeast of Grant.
  • Poland – The Village of Poland is at the south town line by West Canada Creek at the junction of NY-8 and NY-28.
  • Russia – The hamlet of Russia is in the south central part of the town, north of Poland at the junction of County Route 47 (Military Rd), County Route 133 (Russia Rd), and Beecher Road. The Russia Corners Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.
  • Sand Hill – An elevation located just north of the Village of Cold Brook off NY Route 8. Sand Hill is 1,540 feet above sea level .
  • Trenton Falls – A hamlet at the west town line on County Road 247.
  • Wheelertown – A hamlet in the northern part of Russia located on Wheelertown Road.
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