Saint-Émilion facts for kids

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Saint-Émilion

1 Saint-Émilion aerial pano 2016
An aerial view of Saint-Émilion
Coat of arms of Saint-Émilion
Administration
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Libourne
Canton Les Coteaux de Dordogne
Intercommunality Saint-Émilion
Mayor Bernard Lauret
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 3–107 m (9.8–351.0 ft)
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft*)
Land area1 27.02 km2 (10.43 sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33394/ 33330
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Jurisdiction of Saint-Émilion
UNESCO World Heritage site
Saint-Emilion Eglise monolithe.jpg
Monolithic church of Saint-Émilion and its bell tower
Criteria Cultural: iii, iv
Reference 932
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
Area 7,847 ha
Buffer zone 5,101 ha

Saint-Émilion is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France.

History

Saint-Émilion's history goes back to prehistoric times. The town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with fascinating Romanesque churches and ruins stretching all along steep and narrow streets.

The Romans planted vineyards in what was to become Saint-Émilion as early as the 2nd century. In the 4th century, the Latin poet Ausonius lauded the fruit of the bountiful vine.

Saint-Émilion, previously called Ascumbas, was renamed after the monk Émilion (d.767), a travelling confessor, who settled in a hermitage carved into the rock there in the 8th century. The monks who followed him started up the commercial wine production in the area.

Geography

Saint-Émilion is located 35 km (22 mi) northeast of Bordeaux, between Libourne and Castillon-la-Bataille.


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