San Angelo, Texas facts for kids

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City of San Angelo
City
Dwntwnsa.jpg
Official seal of City of San Angelo
Seal
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
San Angelo city street map, Texas
San Angelo city street map, Texas
Country United States United States
State Texas Texas
County Tom Green
Area
 • City 58.2 sq mi (150.9 km2)
 • Land 55.9 sq mi (144.8 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6.1 km2)
Elevation 1,844 ft (562 m)
Population (2014)
 • City 100,450
 • Density 1,640/sq mi (633/km2)
 • Metro 118,182
 • Demonym San Angeloan
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 76901-09
Area code(s) 325
FIPS code 48-64472
GNIS feature ID 1375953
Website The City of San Angelo, Texas

San Angelo /sæn ˈænəl/ is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, Texas, United States. Its location is in the Concho Valley, a region of West Texas between the Permian Basin to the northwest, Chihuahuan Desert to the southwest, Osage Plains to the northeast, and Central Texas to the southeast. According to a 2014 Census estimate, San Angelo has a total population of 100,450. The city is the principal city and center of the San Angelo metropolitan area, which has a population of 118,182.

San Angelo is home to Angelo State University, historic Fort Concho, and Goodfellow Air Force Base.

Common nicknames of the city include Angelo, the River City, the Concho City, the Pearl of the Conchos, and the Oasis of West Texas.

History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, San Angelo was the center of the Jumano people. As of 1600, the area had been inhabited for over a thousand years by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples.

In 1632, a short-lived mission of Franciscans under Spanish auspices was founded in the area to serve the Indians. The mission was led by the friars Juan de Salas and Juan de Ortega, with Ortega remaining for six months. The area was visited by the Castillo-Martin expedition of 1650 and the Diego de Guadalajara expedition of 1654.

During the colonization of the region, San Angelo was at the western edge of the region called Texas, successively claimed in the 1800s by the nations of Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, and finally the United States, in 1846.

The current city of San Angelo was founded in 1867, when the United States built Fort Concho, one of a series of new forts designed to protect the frontier. The fort was home to cavalry, infantry, and the famous Black Cavalry, also known as Buffalo Soldiers by Indigenous Americans.

The settler Bartholomew J. DeWitt founded the village of Santa Angela outside the fort at the junction of the North and South Concho Rivers. He named the village after his wife, Carolina Angela. The name was eventually changed to San Angela. The name would change again to San Angelo in 1883 on the insistence of the United States Postal Service, as San Angela was grammatically incorrect in Spanish. The town became a trade center for farmers and settlers in the area, as well as a fairly lawless cow town filled with saloons and gambling houses.

After being designated as the county seat, the town grew quickly in the 1880s, aided by being on the route of newly constructed railroads. It became a central transportation hub for the region. The Santa Fe Railroad arrived in 1888 and the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway in 1909. After a tuberculosis (TB) outbreak hit the United States in the early 1900s, many patients moved to San Angelo. At the time, doctors could only recommend rest in dry, warm climates. TB sufferers went to San Angelo for treatment.

In 1928, the city founded San Angelo College, one of the region's first institutes of higher education. The city had been passed over by the Texas State Legislature to be the home of what would become Texas Tech University. San Angelo College, one of the first municipal colleges, has grown to become Angelo State University. The military returned to San Angelo during World War II with the founding of Goodfellow Air Force Base, which was assigned to train pilots at the time. San Angelo grew exponentially during the oil boom of the 1900s, when vast amounts of oil were found in the area, and the city became a regional hub of the oil and gas industry.

The San Angelo Independent School District became one of the first in Texas to integrate, doing so voluntarily in 1955.

Geography

Sacityhall
San Angelo City Hall
TGSACourthouse
Tom Green County Courthouse, San Angelo

San Angelo is located at 31°26′34″N 100°27′1″W / 31.44278°N 100.45028°W / 31.44278; -100.45028 (31.442628, -100.450145). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 58.2 square miles (150.9 km²), of which, 55.9 square miles (144.8 km²) of it is land and 2.3 square miles (6.1 km²) of it (4.03%) is covered by water.

San Angelo falls on the southwestern edge of the Edwards Plateau and the northeastern edge of the Chihuahuan Desert at the junction of the North and South Concho Rivers. The city has three lakes: Twin Buttes Reservoir, O.C. Fisher Reservoir, and Lake Nasworthy. The Middle Concho River joined the South Concho several miles upstream, but the confluence has been obscured by the Twin Buttes dam.

San Angelo is about 225 miles (362 km) west of Austin.

Climate

San Angelo falls near the boundary between the subtropical semiarid steppe (Köppen BSh) and mid-latitude steppe climates (Köppen BSk). It is located at the region where Central Texas meets West Texas weather. Temperatures reach 100 °F about 18 times in an average year. However, in 2011, San Angelo recorded 100 days of 100 °F or higher. The average year has 50 days with lows below freezing. Though the region does experience snow and sleet, they occur only a few times a year. San Angelo averages 251 days of sunshine a year, and the average temperature is 65.4 °F. The city has an average rainfall of 21.25 inches (540 mm).

Climate data for San Angelo, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 91
(32.8)
97
(36.1)
98
(36.7)
107
(41.7)
110
(43.3)
110
(43.3)
111
(43.9)
111
(43.9)
107
(41.7)
102
(38.9)
93
(33.9)
91
(32.8)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 59.5
(15.28)
63.5
(17.5)
71.1
(21.72)
80.1
(26.72)
87.2
(30.67)
92.1
(33.39)
95.1
(35.06)
94.7
(34.83)
87.8
(31)
78.8
(26)
68.3
(20.17)
59.9
(15.5)
78.2
(25.67)
Average low °F (°C) 33.3
(0.72)
37.0
(2.78)
44.4
(6.89)
51.9
(11.06)
61.8
(16.56)
68.8
(20.44)
71.2
(21.78)
70.7
(21.5)
63.5
(17.5)
53.6
(12)
42.3
(5.72)
33.6
(0.89)
52.7
(11.5)
Record low °F (°C) 1
(-17.2)
−1
(-18.3)
8
(-13.3)
23
(-5)
35
(1.7)
40
(4.4)
54
(12.2)
45
(7.2)
35
(1.7)
19
(-7.2)
12
(-11.1)
−4
(-20)
−4
(-20)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.93
(23.6)
1.35
(34.3)
1.50
(38.1)
1.42
(36.1)
2.82
(71.6)
2.59
(65.8)
1.20
(30.5)
2.26
(57.4)
2.46
(62.5)
2.73
(69.3)
1.14
(29)
0.85
(21.6)
21.25
(539.8)
Source: National Weather Service''

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,615
1910 10,321
1920 10,050 −2.6%
1930 25,308 151.8%
1940 25,802 2.0%
1950 52,093 101.9%
1960 58,815 12.9%
1970 63,884 8.6%
1980 73,240 14.6%
1990 84,462 15.3%
2000 88,439 4.7%
2010 93,200 5.4%
Est. 2015 100,450 7.8%
U.S. Census Bureau Texas Almanac

As of the census of 2010, 93,200 people, 36,117 households, and 22,910 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,601 people per square mile (618/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83% White, 5.4% African American, 1.4% Indigenous American, 1.7% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.5% of the population.

Of 36,117 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were not families; 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was distributed as 23.4% under the age of 18 and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.8 years. The population was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,777, and for a family was $49,640. Males had a median income of $33,257 versus $26,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,970. About 13.9% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Samuseum
San Angelo Museum of Fine Arts

San Angelo Museum of Art

The San Angelo Museum of Fine Arts opened in 1999 in downtown San Angelo on the banks of the Concho River, built with local limestone and end-grain Texas mesquite. It attracts over 85,000 visitors a year and is home to the National Ceramic Competition.

Art Galleries

Downtown San Angelo is home to various art galleries. The San Angelo Art Walk, held every third Thursday, includes a viewing of the various downtown art galleries. These include the Kendall Art Gallery, Ruiz Studio, Black Swan Gallery, The Glass Prism, Bonnie Beesley Rug Gallery, and the Wool 'n Cotton Shop, as well as other public art venues. A free trolley service is available to the public.

San Angelo Performing Arts Coalition

SAPAC Rendering Entrance
San Angelo Performing Arts Center

The San Angelo Performing Arts Coalition is made up of the San Angelo Symphony, Angelo Civic Theater, and San Angelo Symphony. They collaborate in operating the San Angelo Performing Arts Center, a practice and theater complex opened in 2016. It includes the Murphey Performance Hall (capacity of 1,350), the Brooks & Bates Theater (capacity of 301) and San Angelo Health Black Box (capacity of 120), as well as six ballet studios, a pilates studio, and scene shops.

San Angelo Symphony

The San Angelo Symphony, founded in 1949, plays several events a year, with its feature event being on July 3. Over 20,000 people regularly attend that performance, which takes place at the River Stage, an outdoor venue on the Concho River.

Angelo Civic Theater

Angelo Civic Theater, the oldest civic theater in Texas, was founded in 1885 to raise funds for a town clock at the county courthouse. In 1969‚ a fire destroyed the school building in which the theater was housed, so it produced its plays at various locations for 13 years, until it purchased the 230-seat Parkway Theater in 1980. Each year, the theater presents five in-house plays, as well as one traveling summer play, to 15,000 people.

Savisitorcenter
San Angelo Visitors Center

Ballet San Angelo

Ballet San Angelo was founded in 1983. The feature production is the annual "The Nutcracker" production.

Plays

Angelo State University, through "The Arts at ASU", puts on six plays a year open to the general public. The plays range from dinner theaters and theater in the round to conventional theatre productions, using the only active modular theatre in the United States. It also features numerous concerts and recitals throughout the year, and numerous displays in the Angelo State University Art Gallery. The public is encouraged to attend and actively supports all events.

Parks and recreation

SanAngeloParkConcho
Pedestrian bridge at a park running along the Concho River

City Park system

The San Angelo City Park system was created in 1903. The city currently has 32 parks with over 375 acres (1.52 km2) of developed land. The department maintains a 33-acre municipal golf course along the river, 25 playgrounds, and 25 sports practice fields.

The "crown jewels" of the parks system are the parks that make up the 10 miles (16 km) of river frontage on the Concho River winding through downtown and beyond. The parks feature many plazas, public art displays, and numerous water features. The city is home to the International Water Lily Collection. The park contains over 300 varieties of water lilies, one of the largest collections in the world. The city also provides several municipal parks on Lake Nasworthy, one of three lakes near the city, which include Twin Buttes Reservoir and O.C. Fisher Reservoir.

San Angelo State Park

San Angelo is home to San Angelo State Park. The 7,677-acre (3,107 ha) park, owned and maintained by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, is located on the shores of the O.C. Fisher Reservoir. Many activities are available within the park, including camping, picnicking, and swimming, as well as hiking, mountain biking, orienteering, and horseback riding on over 50 miles (80 km) of developed trails. The park is home to the Official State of Texas Longhorn herd.

San Angelo Nature Center

The San Angelo Nature Center, located at Lake Nasworthy, is an educational center open to the public. The center features many native and exotic animals, including alligators, bobcats, prairie dogs, tortoises, and 85 different species of reptiles, including 22 different species of rattlesnakes. It includes the Spring Creek Wetland, which has 260 acres (110 ha) being developed by the Federal Bureau of Reclamation, including a 7-mile (11 km) trail; its terrain varies from a semiarid environment to a freshwater marsh. It also maintains the one-mile (1.6-km) nature trail off Spillway Road.

Fort Concho

Historic Fort Concho, a National Historic Landmark, maintained by the city of San Angelo, was founded in 1867 by the United States Army to protect settlers and maintain vital trade routes. It frequently experienced skirmishes with the then hostile Comanche tribe. Today, the restored site is home to several museums, and is open to visitors Tuesday through Sunday. Fort Concho is one of nine forts along the Texas Forts Trail.

Conchosa
Fountains on the Concho River

San Angelo Stock Show and Rodeo

The annual San Angelo Stock Show and Rodeo is held every year. The 2017 Rodeo is scheduled for February 3 through February 19. It began in 1932, making it one of the longest-running rodeos in the world. It is nationally renowned within the rodeo circuit, bringing in the top contestants and ranking as one of top 10 rodeos in the nation for monetary prizes awarded to contestants. It includes a parade, carnival, and concerts, and many other events in addition to the main stock show and rodeo.

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