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San Jacinto River (California) facts for kids

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San Jacinto River
San Jacinto River.jpg
The mouth of the San Jacinto on Lake Elsinore, viewed from California State Route 74 (the Ortega Highway) on the southwest side of the lake
Santa Ana River map.png
Map of the Santa Ana River watershed with the San Jacinto subbasin highlighted in yellow.
Country United States
State California
Region Riverside County
Cities Hemet, San Jacinto, Perris, Lake Elsinore
Physical characteristics
Main source San Jacinto Mountains
San Bernardino National Forest, Riverside County
2,100 ft (640 m)
River mouth Lake Elsinore
Lake Elsinore, at the mouth of Railroad Canyon, northwest of the Sedco Hills and west of the Tuscany Hills of the Temescal Mountains, Riverside County
1,243 ft (379 m)
Length 42 mi (68 km), Northwest then southwest
Discharge
  • Minimum rate:
    0 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
  • Average rate:
    16.4 cu ft/s (0.46 m3/s)
  • Maximum rate:
    16,000 cu ft/s (450 m3/s)
Basin features
River system Santa Ana River basin
Basin size 780 sq mi (2,000 km2)
Tributaries
  • Left:
    South Fork San Jacinto River
  • Right:
    North Fork San Jacinto River

The San Jacinto River is a 42-mile-long (68 km) river in Riverside County, California. The river's headwaters are in Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument. The lower portion of the 765-square-mile (1,980 km2) watershed is urban and agricultural land. As a partially endorheic watershed that is contiguous with other Great Basin watersheds, the western side of the San Jacinto Basin is a portion of the Great Basin Divide.

Course

The river is formed at the west base of the San Jacinto Mountains by the confluence of its North and South forks. The South Fork flows from near Santa Rosa Summit, through Pine Meadow and Garner Valley to Lake Hemet, which holds 14,000 acre feet (17,000,000 m3) of water. Hemet Dam was built in 1895 to supply water to the city of Hemet. Downstream of the dam, the South Fork joins the North Fork east of the town of Valle Vista near Highway 74, and the main stem of the San Jacinto River continues northwest until it discharges into Mystic Lake, a couple of miles east of Lake Perris. Overflow from the river then flows southwest, passing under Ramona Expressway and Interstate 215, and through Railroad Canyon to Railroad Canyon Reservoir, also called Canyon Lake, which has a capacity of 11,900 acre feet (14,700,000 m3). Downstream of Railroad Canyon Dam, the river continues flowing roughly west southwest through the canyon through the Temescal Mountains for about 3 miles (4.8 km) until it drains into Lake Elsinore. The lake usually has no outflow other than evaporation, but in years of heavy rainfall it overflows into Temescal Creek, which flows northwest to the Santa Ana River in Corona, California.

List of tributaries of the San Jacinto River

  • Cottonwood Canyon Creek in Railroad Canyon
  • Canyon Lake in Railroad Canyon
    • Salt Creek
  • Perris Valley Channel
  • Bautista Creek
  • Indian Creek
  • North Fork San Jacinto River
    • Logan Creek
    • Stone Creek
    • Black Mountain Creek
    • Fuller Mill Creek
  • South Fork San Jacinto River
    • Dry Creek
      • Strawberry Creek
      • Coldwater Creek
    • Spillway Canyon Creek
    • Lake Hemet
    • Herkey Creek
    • Fobes Canyon Creek
    • Pipe Creek
    • Martinez Creek
    • Gold Shot Creek
    • Penrod Canyon Creek
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