San Ysidro, San Diego facts for kids
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San Ysidro, San Diego
San Ysidro seen from south of California State Route 905
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San Ysidro (Spanish for "St. Isidore") is a district of the City of San Diego, immediately north of the U.S.-Mexico border. It neighbors Otay Mesa West to the north, Otay Mesa to the east, and Nestor and the Tijuana River Valley to the west; together these communities form South San Diego, a practical exclave of the City of San Diego. Major thoroughfares include Beyer Boulevard and San Ysidro Boulevard.
The Little Landers colony was a community founded by William Ellsworth Smythe in 1908 with the motto, "A little land and a living surely is better than desperate struggle and wealth possibly." Each member of the community held a plot of land no bigger than they could cultivate themselves, averaging 2 acres (8,100 m2) each, in order to foster a non-hierarchical social structure. Every person had an equal voice in the affairs of the community whose business affairs was conducted by a board of directors voted in by the community. All agricultural buying and selling was pooled on a cooperative basis. Members agreed to forfeit their land should they leave the community.
The city levied a commission on the sale of land which funded public improvements such as a library, park, irrigation systems, and a clubhouse. They maintained a retail market in San Diego where harvested produce was sold. In addition to growing vegetables, the community raised and marketed ducks, rabbits, and goats.
The Little Landers community is known as one of the nation's first communes. It lasted until a major flood wiped out its farms in 1916.
San Ysidro, along with the rest of South San Diego, was annexed by the city of San Diego in 1957; an attempt by residents in 1973 to reverse the decision was unsuccessful.
The 2010 census counted 28,008 people in San Ysidro, of whom 93% were Hispanic.
Of those over 5 years old, 60% spoke Spanish and English "well" or "very well". 13% only spoke Spanish, and 10% spoke only English.
The area is served by the San Ysidro School District (kindergarten through the eighth grade) and Sweetwater Union High School District.
The high school district operates San Ysidro High School, which serves much of San Ysidro. Portions are zoned to Southwest Senior High School, with some rezoned from San Ysidro to Southwest in 2016. A small section of San Ysidro is zoned to Montgomery High School. San Ysidro Adult Education Center, operated by the high school district, is also in San Ysidro.
Images for kids
Old Customs House at the international border
San Ysidro, San Diego Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.