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Schleicher County, Texas facts for kids

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Schleicher County
Schleicher County Courthouse in Eldorado
Schleicher County Courthouse in Eldorado
Map of Texas highlighting Schleicher County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1901
Named for Gustav Schleicher
Seat Eldorado
Largest city Eldorado
 • Total 1,311 sq mi (3,400 km2)
 • Land 1,311 sq mi (3,400 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)  0%%
 • Total 3,461
 • Density 2.6/sq mi (1.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 23rd
Schleicher County Public Library, Eldorado, TX IMG 1387
Schleicher County Public Library in Eldorado

Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,461. Its county seat is Eldorado. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1901. It is named for Gustav Schleicher, a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician.

Schleicher County was home to the YFZ Ranch, the past headquarters of the FLDS movement headed by Warren Jeffs.


  • 8000 B.C. By estimation, first inhabitants probably Jumano Indians. Later inhabitants are Lipan Apache and Comanche.
  • 1632 Fray Juan de Salas and Father Juan de Ortega do missionary work among the Jumanos.
  • 1808 Soldier Francisco Amangual leads an expedition across the area.
  • 1882 Christopher Colombus Doty becomes the first permanent citizen of Schleicher County.
  • 1887, April - The Texas legislature establishes Schleicher County from Crockett County and named it in honor of Gustav Schleicher.
  • 1890 Population 155, of whom 134 were listed as white, four black, and 17 as American Indian.
  • 1894 County’s first public school opens at Verand, later moved to Eldorado.
  • 1895 W. B. Silliman founds Eldorado community and names it after the mythical city. In order to populate it, he offers free town lots to residents of nearby Verand.
  • 1930 The Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company resumes work on a previous railroad, making access possible to San Angelo and Sonora.
  • 1941, February 27 - Grand opening of West Texas Woolen Mills plant in Eldorado, with a parade and BBQ lunch. 5000 people are in attendance. Governor "Pappy" W. Lee O'Daniel is the guest speaker.
  • 1950’s Oilfield discoveries on school lands enable Schleicher County to build new library and gymnasium facilities for its students.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,311 square miles (3,400 km2), virtually none of which is water.

Major Highways

  • US 190.svg U.S. Highway 190
  • US 277.svg U.S. Highway 277

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 155
1900 515 232.3%
1910 1,893 267.6%
1920 1,851 −2.2%
1930 3,166 71.0%
1940 3,083 −2.6%
1950 2,852 −7.5%
1960 2,791 −2.1%
1970 2,277 −18.4%
1980 2,820 23.8%
1990 2,990 6.0%
2000 2,935 −1.8%
2010 3,461 17.9%
Est. 2015 3,211 −7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,935 people, 1,115 households, and 817 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.59% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 18.98% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. 43.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,115 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,746, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $28,412 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,969. About 16.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.00% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.


FLDS Eldorado hi
FLDS Temple at the YFZ Ranch in Schleicher County


Unincorporated communities

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