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Irion County, Texas facts for kids

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Irion County
The Irion County Courthouse in Mertzon
The Irion County Courthouse in Mertzon
Map of Texas highlighting Irion County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1889
Named for Robert Anderson Irion
Seat Mertzon
Largest city Mertzon
Area
 • Total 1,052 sq mi (2,720 km2)
 • Land 1,052 sq mi (2,720 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.01%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,599
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (0.6/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 11th

Irion County ( eye-REE-ən) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,599. Its county seat is Mertzon. The county is named for Robert Anderson Irion, a secretary of state of the Republic of Texas.

Irion County is included in the San Angelo metropolitan statistical area.

History

  • First inhabitants Tonkawa and Kickapoo.
  • 1650 Captains Hernán Martín and Diego del Castillo explore the region.
  • 1684 Juan Domínguez de Mendoza and Nicolás López report on local Indians.
  • 1761 Spanish soldier Felipe Rábago y Terán passes through the area.
  • 1858 -1861 Butterfield Overland Mail crosses the region.
  • 1876 John Arden brings the first flock of sheep from California. Billy Childress establishes the longhorn 7D Ranch.
  • 1889 The Texas legislature forms Irion County from Tom Green County. Sherwood becomes the county seat.
  • 1928 Oil is discovered in Irion County.
  • 1936 Mertzon becomes county seat.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,052 square miles (2,720 km2), of which 1,052 square miles (2,720 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) (0.01%) is water. The Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, underlies much of the county.

Major Highways

  • US 67.svg U.S. Highway 67
  • Texas 163.svg State Highway 163

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 870
1900 848 −2.5%
1910 1,283 51.3%
1920 1,610 25.5%
1930 2,049 27.3%
1940 1,963 −4.2%
1950 1,590 −19.0%
1960 1,183 −25.6%
1970 1,070 −9.6%
1980 1,386 29.5%
1990 1,629 17.5%
2000 1,771 8.7%
2010 1,599 −9.7%
2019 (est.) 1,536 −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 1,771 people, 694 households, and 523 were families residing in the county. The population density was two people per square mile (1/km2). The 914 housing units averaged one per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.68% White, 0.40% African American, 0.79% Native American, 6.55% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. About 24.62% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 694 households, 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were not families. About 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the age distribution was 26.70% under 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,500, and for a family was $45,458. Males had a median income of $35,642 versus $20,395 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,515. About 8.30% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Unincorporated community

Ghost Town

Notable natives

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