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Sutton County, Texas facts for kids

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Sutton County
The Sutton County Courthouse in Sonora
The Sutton County Courthouse in Sonora
Map of Texas highlighting Sutton County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1890
Seat Sonora
Largest city Sonora
 • Total 1,454 sq mi (3,770 km2)
 • Land 1,454 sq mi (3,770 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2)  0.03%%
 • Total 4,128
 • Density 2.8/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 23rd
Mercantile Garden, Sonora, TX IMG 1365
Mercantile Garden, located at the foot of the hill containing the Sutton County Courthouse
Sutton County, TX, Public Library IMG 1372
The Sutton County Library in Sonora
Veterans and Pioneer Ranch Women Museum, Sonora, TX IMG 1377
Veterans & Pioneer Ranch Women Museum in Sonora

Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,128. Its county seat is Sonora. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1890. Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army.


  • 9500 BC – c. 1860s AD Paleo-Indians in the county leave behind archaeological remains of a burned-rock midden with mortar and pestle, as well as other tools. Later native inhabitants include Tonkawa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.
  • 1736 Lt. Miguel de la Garza Falcón leads 100 soldiers along the Devils River
  • 1852, February 2 - Camp Terrett, later known as Fort Terrett, established to protect settlers from Comanches. Founded by Lt. Col. Henry Bainbridge and named for Lt. John Terrett, who was killed in the Battle of Monterrey in 1846.
  • 1881 Wall’s Well discovered by Tim Birtrong and Ed Wall. Town of Wentworth discovered. Birtrong Ranch is the area’s only ranch.
  • 1885 Charles G. Adams, a merchant and sometime rancher from Fort McKavett, founds Sonora, Texas, named after a family servant from Sonora, Mexico.
  • 1887 The Texas legislature establishes Sutton County, carved out of eastern Crockett County named for Confederate officer John Schuyler Sutton.
  • 1890 Sonora becomes the county seat.
  • 1915 Texas Sheep & Goat Raisers’ Association organized.
  • 1928 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway acquires Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway to connect Sonora with San Angelo, Del Rio, and the outside world by rail.
  • 1930 Sonora Wool and Mohair Company established.
  • 1936 WPA projects help local economy.
  • 1958, August 1 – Sonora Municipal Airport activated.
  • 1960, July 16 – Caverns of Sonora open to the public.
  • 1965 Caverns of Sonora designated National Natural Landmark.
  • 1975 Fort Terrett Ranch is purchased by the Texas oil industrrialist Bill Noël and used in part for the growing of pecans.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,454 square miles (3,770 km2), of which 1,454 square miles (3,770 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.03%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 658
1900 1,727 162.5%
1910 1,569 −9.1%
1920 1,598 1.8%
1930 2,807 75.7%
1940 3,977 41.7%
1950 3,746 −5.8%
1960 3,738 −0.2%
1970 3,175 −15.1%
1980 5,130 61.6%
1990 4,135 −19.4%
2000 4,077 −1.4%
2010 4,128 1.3%
Est. 2015 3,913 −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,077 people, 1,515 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,998 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 45.28% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 2.27% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 49.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,515 households out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,385, and the median income for a family was $38,143. Males had a median income of $31,193 versus $18,587 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,105. About 14.10% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.



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