kids encyclopedia robot

Edwards County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Edwards County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Edwards County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1883
Seat Rocksprings
Largest town Rocksprings
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,120 sq mi (5,491 km²)
2,118 sq mi (5,486 km²)
2.0 sq mi (5 km²), 0.09%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

2,002
0.9/sq mi (0/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.edwardscountytexas.us/
Named for: Haden Edwards
Edwards County, TX marker IMG 1850.JPG
Hill Country near Rocksprings, TX IMG 1335
Texas Hill Country in Edwards County south of Rocksprings

Edwards County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,002. The county seat is Rocksprings. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1883. It is named for Haden Edwards, an early settler of Nacogdoches, Texas. The Edwards Aquifer and Edwards Plateau are named after the county by reason of their locations.

History

  • Early inhabitants are Lipan Apache, Comanche.
  • 1762 Looking for protection from Comanches, Lipan Apache chief El Gran Cabezón persuades Franciscans and the Spanish military to establish San Lorenzo de la Santa Cruz Mission on the Nueces River. The Mission was abandoned in 1771.
  • 1825 Virginia born Haden Harrison Edwards joins forces with Stephen F. Austin and contracts with Coahuila y Tejas for the introduction 800 families into east Texas. The next year, Edwards declares the Republic of Fredonia near Nacogdoches, Texas, an early attempt to secede from Mexico. Stephen F. Austin joins forces with Mexico against Edwards. Haden Edwards flees in 1827 to Louisiana for his safety, later to return and spend the rest of his life in Nacogdoches.
  • 1858 Edwards County is formed from Bexar County.
  • 1871 Clint Smith, age 11, and brother Jeff Smith, age 9, kidnapped by Indians near Rocksprings.
  • 1882 W.J. Greer settles a sheep camp at Rocksprings.
  • 1883 Edwards County officially organized and named for Haden Harrison Edwards.
  • 1884 Francis Winan cattle and sheep ranch at Rocksprings.
  • 1885 A.O. Burr sets up farming at Rocksprings.
  • 1891 County seat becomes Rocksprings. County Courthouse is built by architects Ben Davey and Bruno Schort in the Romanesque Revival Style.
  • 1898 Rocksprings Telephone Company starts up.
  • 1913 Edwards loses land in its eastern section to Real County.
  • 1927 Tornado hits Rocksprings.
  • 1940 Rocksprings calls itself the "Top-o-the-World" in mohair production, which peaks that year.
  • 1946 Oil discovered in the county.
  • 1991 Kickapoo Cavern State Park, 6,400 acres (26 km2) in both Edwards and Kinney County, opens to the public.
  • 1992 Devil's Sinkhole State Natural Area near Rocksprings, home to the largest single-chambered cavern and third-deepest in the state, opens to the public.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,120 square miles (5,500 km2), of which 2,118 square miles (5,490 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.09%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 277.svg U.S. Highway 277
  • US 377.svg U.S. Highway 377
  • Texas 41.svg State Highway 41
  • Texas 55.svg State Highway 55

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 266
1890 1,970 640.6%
1900 3,108 57.8%
1910 3,768 21.2%
1920 2,283 −39.4%
1930 2,764 21.1%
1940 2,933 6.1%
1950 2,908 −0.9%
1960 2,317 −20.3%
1970 2,107 −9.1%
1980 2,033 −3.5%
1990 2,266 11.5%
2000 2,162 −4.6%
2010 2,002 −7.4%
Est. 2015 1,894 −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,162 people, 801 households, and 586 families residing in the county. The population density was less than 1/km² (1/sq mi). There were 1,217 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.26% White, 0.79% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 12.72% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 45.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 801 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,298, and the median income for a family was $27,083. Males had a median income of $21,912 versus $14,907 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,691. About 24.60% of families and 31.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.40% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Wooden windmill in Real County, TX IMG 1851
Lone wooden windmill in eastern Edwards County

Town

Unincorporated communities

kids search engine
Edwards County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.