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Kerr County, Texas facts for kids

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Kerr County
Kerr County Courthouse, southside view
Kerr County Courthouse, southside view
Map of Texas highlighting Kerr County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1856
Named for James Kerr
Seat Kerrville
Largest city Kerrville
 • Total 1,107 sq mi (2,870 km2)
 • Land 1,103 sq mi (2,860 km2)
 • Water 4.0 sq mi (10 km2)  0.4%
 • Total 52,598
 • Density 47.514/sq mi (18.345/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 21st

Kerr County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 52,598. Its county seat is Kerrville. The county was named by Joshua D. Brown for his fellow Kentucky native, James Kerr, a congressman of the Republic of Texas. The Kerrville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Kerr County.


Around 8000 BC, early Native American inhabitants arrived in the area, with numerous successive cultures following in prehistoric times. Historic tribes encountered by Europeans included the Kiowa, Comanche, and Lipan Apache.

In 1842, the Adelsverein Fisher-Miller Land Grant set aside 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km²) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas. Henry Francis Fisher sold his interest in the land grant to the Adelsverein in 1844.

In 1845, Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secured the title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein. Thousands of German immigrants were stranded at port of disembarkation, Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelter, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% died from disease or starvation. Joshua Brown, in 1846, became the first settler.

The Texas State Convention of Germans met in San Antonio on May 14–15, 1854, and adopted a political, social, and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work, 2) Direct election of the President of the United States, 3) Abolition of capital punishment, 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”, 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence, and 6) Total separation of church and state. The next year, United States Army post Camp Verde was established. Kerr County was formed in 1856 from Bexar Land District Number 2. Joshua Brown donated the land that became Kerrville, and had it named for his friend James Kerr. Kerrville was named the county seat. The U.S. Camel Corps, headquartered at Verde, was the brainchild of United States Secretary of War (1853–57) Jefferson Davis. Center Point was established in 1859.

In 1860-1861, the county population was 634, including 49 slaves. The Sons of Hermann lodge, for descendents of German heritage, was established in the county. The lodge is named for German chieftain folk hero Hermann the Cherusker. A bitterly divided Kerr County voted 76-57in 1861 for secession from the Union, with most German residents being against it. Unionists from Kerr, Gillespie, and Kendall Counties participated in the formation of the Union League, a secret organization to support President Lincoln’s policies. The Union League formed companies to protect the frontier against Indians and their families against local Confederate forces. Conscientious objectors to the military draft were primarily among Tejanos and Germans . Confederate authorities imposed martial law on Central Texas. The Nueces massacre occurred in Kinney County. Jacob Kuechler served as a guide for 61 conscientious objectors attempting to flee to Mexico. Scottish-born Confederate irregular James Duff and his Duff’s Partisan Rangers pursued and overtook them at the Nueces River; 34 were killed, some executed after being taken prisoner. Jacob Kuechler survived the battle. The cruelty shocked the people of Gillespie County. About 2,000 took to the hills to escape Duff's reign of terror. Spring Creek Cemetery near Harper in Gillespie County has a singular grave with the names Sebird Henderson, Hiram Nelson, Gus Tegener, and Frank Scott. The inscription reads, “Hanged and thrown in Spring Creek by Col. James Duff’s Confederate Regiment.” The Treue der Union Monument ("Loyalty to the Union") in Comfort was dedicated to the Texans slain at the Nueces massacre August 10, 1866. It is the only monument to the Union outside of the National Cemeteries on Confederate territory, and is one of only six such sites allowed to fly the United States flag at half-mast in perpetuity. The Y O Ranch was founded in 1880 by Charles Armand Schreiner, who had opened a store in the area in 1869.

In 1887, the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway was built through Kerrville. The American Legion of Texas established what eventually was called the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Kerrville, in 1919.

The Schreiner Institute was established in Kerrville from 1917 to 1923. In 1926, Ora Johnson established Camp Waldemar Christian girls camp in Hunt.

Mooney Aircraft was established in 1929 in Kerrville. Kerrville was begun to be called the "Mohair Capital of the World" in 1930. The Sid Peterson Memorial Hospital was completed in 1949.

Kerrville State Hospital opened in 1951.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,107 square miles (2,870 km2), of which 1,103 square miles (2,860 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-10.svg Interstate 10
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • US 87.svg U.S. Highway 87
  • Texas 16.svg State Highway 16
  • Texas 27.svg State Highway 27
  • Texas 39.svg State Highway 39
  • Texas 41.svg State Highway 41
  • Texas 173.svg State Highway 173

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 634
1870 1,042 64.4%
1880 2,168 108.1%
1890 4,462 105.8%
1900 4,980 11.6%
1910 5,505 10.5%
1920 5,842 6.1%
1930 10,151 73.8%
1940 11,650 14.8%
1950 14,022 20.4%
1960 16,800 19.8%
1970 19,454 15.8%
1980 28,780 47.9%
1990 36,304 26.1%
2000 43,653 20.2%
2010 49,625 13.7%
2020 52,598 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Kerr County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 35,851 35,791 72.24% 68.05%
Black or African American alone (NH) 739 690 1.49% 1.31%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 207 156 0.42% 0.30%
Asian alone (NH) 361 576 0.73% 1.10%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 19 39 0.04% 0.07%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 38 187 0.08% 0.36%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 515 1,561 1.04% 2.97%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 11,895 13,598 23.97% 25.85%
Total 49,625 52,598 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.



Unincorporated communities

In popular culture

  • 1963 Hud starring Paul Newman was filmed at Camp Waldemar in Hunt.
  • 1972 The first Kerrville Folk Festival was held.
  • 1975 The Great Waldo Pepper starring Robert Redford was filmed in Kerrville.
  • 2005 Stonehenge II, a scaled replica of the famous British attraction, was featured in the book "Weird Texas."


School districts include:

  • Center Point Independent School District
  • Comfort Independent School District
  • Divide Independent School District
  • Harper Independent School District
  • Hunt Independent School District
  • Ingram Independent School District
  • Kerrville Independent School District
  • Medina Independent School District

All of the county is in the service area of Alamo Community College District.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Kerr para niños

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