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Sheridan, Wyoming
City
Sheridan looking west towards the Bighorn Mountains
Sheridan looking west towards the Bighorn Mountains
Location of Sheridan in Sheridan County, Wyoming.
Location of Sheridan in Sheridan County, Wyoming.
Sheridan, Wyoming is located in Wyoming
Sheridan, Wyoming
Sheridan, Wyoming
Location in Wyoming
Sheridan, Wyoming is located in the United States
Sheridan, Wyoming
Sheridan, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Wyoming
County Sheridan
Area
 • Total 12.71 sq mi (32.91 km2)
 • Land 12.68 sq mi (32.85 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
3,743 ft (1,141 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 17,444
 • Estimate 
(2019)
17,940
 • Density 1,414.38/sq mi (546.11/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82801
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-69845
GNIS feature ID 1594251

Sheridan is a city in the U.S. state of Wyoming and the county seat of Sheridan County. The city is located halfway between Yellowstone Park and Mount Rushmore by U.S. Route 14 and 16. It is the principal city of the Sheridan, Wyoming, Micropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Sheridan County. The 2010 census put the city's population at 17,444 and the Sheridan, Wyoming, Micropolitan Statistical Area at 29,116, making it the 421st-most populous micropolitan area in the United States.

History

The city was named after General Philip Sheridan, Union cavalry leader in the American Civil War. Travel book information describe Sheridan at the scene of many fierce battles between US Cavalry and the Sioux, Cheyenne and Crow Indian tribes.

Geography and climate

Sheridan is located at 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W / 44.79667°N 106.95889°W / 44.79667; -106.95889 (44.796720, −106.958970).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.95 square miles (28.36 km2), of which, 10.93 square miles (28.31 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Climate

Sheridan experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with cold, dry winters and hot, wet summers, though Summers in recent years have been trending more dry.

Climate data for Sheridan, Wyoming (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
76
(24)
80
(27)
87
(31)
95
(35)
106
(41)
107
(42)
106
(41)
103
(39)
93
(34)
81
(27)
77
(25)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 36.2
(2.3)
39.0
(3.9)
48.4
(9.1)
57.4
(14.1)
66.7
(19.3)
76.7
(24.8)
87.1
(30.6)
86.3
(30.2)
74.2
(23.4)
60.1
(15.6)
45.9
(7.7)
35.2
(1.8)
59.4
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 11.4
(−11.4)
14.2
(−9.9)
22.0
(−5.6)
29.8
(−1.2)
38.2
(3.4)
46.4
(8.0)
53.0
(11.7)
51.6
(10.9)
41.6
(5.3)
30.9
(−0.6)
19.4
(−7.0)
10.6
(−11.9)
30.8
(−0.7)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−38
(−39)
−23
(−31)
−10
(−23)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
26
(−3)
6
(−14)
−12
(−24)
−27
(−33)
−41
(−41)
−41
(−41)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.56
(14)
0.54
(14)
0.97
(25)
1.60
(41)
2.35
(60)
2.12
(54)
1.17
(30)
0.71
(18)
1.43
(36)
1.37
(35)
0.70
(18)
0.56
(14)
14.08
(359)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.4
(24)
9.1
(23)
10.4
(26)
9.0
(23)
1.5
(3.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.8
(7.1)
5.4
(14)
8.2
(21)
11.7
(30)
67.5
(171.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.1 7.2 10.2 10.4 11.9 10.3 7.6 6.3 7.0 8.2 7.2 7.4 100.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.8 7.8 8.0 5.0 0.8 0.1 0 0 1.0 3.1 6.4 8.0 46.7
Average relative humidity (%) 66.1 66.3 62.7 58.4 60.3 59.7 50.2 47.1 54.4 57.7 65.6 66.7 59.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155.2 172.1 228.0 242.8 279.3 313.1 350.9 322.9 255.8 205.5 148.2 148.8 2,822.6
Percent possible sunshine 54 59 62 60 61 67 75 74 68 60 51 54 63
Source: NOAA (extremes 1907–present, relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)

Transportation

Intercity bus service is available in Sheridan through Jefferson Lines. Local service is provided by the Goose Creek Transit and the Sheridan Trolley runs from Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Sheridan is served by Sheridan County Airport, located southwest of town. Bighorn Airways offers airplane and helicopter air charter service, as well as an aircraft repair and installation center. United Express, operated by SkyWest Airlines, offers scheduled nonstop flights to Denver, Colorado.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 281
1900 1,559 454.8%
1910 8,408 439.3%
1920 9,175 9.1%
1930 8,538 −6.9%
1940 10,529 23.3%
1950 11,500 9.2%
1960 11,651 1.3%
1970 10,856 −6.8%
1980 15,146 39.5%
1990 13,900 −8.2%
2000 15,804 13.7%
2010 17,444 10.4%
2019 (est.) 17,940 2.8%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,444 people, 7,680 households, and 4,296 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,596.0 inhabitants per square mile (616.2/km2). There were 8,253 housing units at an average density of 755.1 per square mile (291.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 7,680 households, of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

Representation in media

Several scenes of the 2006 film Flicka were filmed on location in Sheridan. It was based on the novel, My Friend Flicka.

In the film K-PAX, Sheridan is the first stickpin location on a map of cattle slaughter companies. Movies filmed in the area include Wild Horses and Endangered Species.

Sheridan is mentioned briefly in Douglas Adams' final sci-fi work, The Salmon of Doubt.

Sheridan is frequently mentioned in the Colonial Radio serial of the Old West, Powder River.

Sheridan is frequently mentioned in a series of fictional novels by author C. J. Box.

In 1986, MTV hosted the world premiere of Prince's movie Under The Cherry Moon in the city.

Season 6 Episode 12 of Yahoo show Community, refers to Garret and Stacey's Mi Ma or Grandmother as coming from Sheridan.

Tourism

Sheridan was ranked number one by the True West Magazine in 2006 among the Top Western Towns. It was ranked sixth in 2007. It is a vacation destination as well as a travel stop, due to its proximity to Interstate 90 and U.S. Route 14.

Top Sheridan area destinations include The Brinton Museum in Big Horn, Wyoming, which exhibits iconic 19th, 20th and 21st century Western and American Indian art in the new 25,000 square-foot Forrest E. Mars, Jr. building and in its historic ranch house on the 620-acre Quarter Circle A Ranch. The museum was established in 1961 by Bradford Brinton's sister Helen Brinton, who wanted to make his historic collection of art available to the public. Exhibits include pieces by Charles M. Russell, Frederic Remington, Edward Borein, Winold Reiss, Thomas Moran, and Hans Kleiber, to name just a few. The Brinton Museum draws visitors from all 50 states and more than 30 foreign countries annually.

Another top destination is The Sheridan WYO Rodeo, which began in 1931 and is widely regarded as one of the top rodeos in the nation. It draws 25,000 guests to its annual, weeklong western celebration and performance each July at the Sheridan County Fairgrounds. The Sheridan WYO Rodeo recently launched a new Labor Day Weekend destination event called the Cowboy State Elite Rodeo, the only ERA League of Champions Rodeo event in an outdoor arena in the U.S.

Additionally, in 2009, Sheridan appeared on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. In the cover story, Greenberg called Sheridan "the real deal" and praised it for preserving "its rich American history."

Ten sites in and near Sheridan are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including:

Trail End State Historic Site aka Kendrick Mansion-Sheridan WY-06-28-2011
Trail End State Historic Site
  • Trail End State Historic Site - 400 Clarendon Avenue - A mansion finished in 1913 that was the home of John Benjamin Kendrick (1857–1933). Kendrick was a cattle rancher who served as governor of Wyoming before being elected to three terms as a United States senator. Trail End is now a state-operated museum and is known locally as the Kendrick Mansion. Most of the contents of the museum are original to the Kendrick family. The mansion and carriage house were designed by Glenn Charles McAlister, a self-taught architect from Billings, Montana. In 1979 the mansion's carriage house was converted into a small theater for the performing arts, dubbed The Carriage House Theater.
Sheridan County Courthouse in Sheridan Wyoming - 2013-07-06
Sheridan County Courthouse
  • Quarter Circle A Ranch in Big Horn, Wyoming - just 12 miles south of Sheridan. This historic, 620-acre gentleman's working ranch is home to The Brinton Museum, one of the nation's top western and American Indian Museums.
  • Sheridan County Courthouse (Wyoming) - 224 South Main Street.
  • Fort Mackenzie - 1898 Fort Road - Currently a hospital administered by the Veterans Administration.
  • Holy Name Catholic School – 260 East Loucks Street - Oldest Catholic school building remaining in the state of Wyoming.
  • St. Peter's Episcopal Church - 1 South Tschirgi Street - Noted for its Gothic Revival architecture and stained glass windows.
  • The historic Sheridan Inn (1893) - 856 Broadway Street - It has had a rich history of notable guests.
  • Sheridan Main Street Historic District - Main Street from Burkitt to Mandel streets.
  • Sheridan Railroad Historic District - 201-841 Broadway, 508-955 N. Gould
  • Sheridan Flouring Mills, Inc. - 2161 Coffeen Avenue. The prominent smokestack is a United States Geological Survey map reference station.

Museums in Sheridan include the Sheridan County Museum and King's Saddlery Museum. The latter's exhibits display Western leather work (especially saddles) and cover Western history.

The City of Sheridan maintains nine parks. Kendrick Park, at the corner of Badger and Beaver Streets, includes a children's play area, a seasonal ice cream shop, a swimming pool, chainsaw carvings, and a buffalo and elk conservatory.

Every summer in the second week of July, Sheridan hosts the WYO Rodeo. Rodeo Week events include a parade, the "Sneakers and Spurs" run, a rubber duck race on Big Goose Creek in Kendrick Park, a carnival at the fairgrounds, and a golf tournament at the country club. On the final day of Rodeo Week, a tailgate party and polo game are held in nearby Big Horn, Wyoming.

Economy

Like many towns in the western United States, Sheridan's early industries included cattle ranching, logging, coal mining, railroading, agriculture, and small factories including a flour mill, brewery, and sugarbeet refinery. Residents today find employment in many fields including nearby coal mines; education; coal bed methane extraction; health care; retailing; banking; law firms; city, county, and state government; National Forest; home construction; and a large number of small businesses; farming; and ranching.

Education

Public education in the city of Sheridan is provided by Sheridan County School District #2. There are six elementary, two junior (or middle) schools-Sheridan Junior High and The Wright Place, and two high schools-Sheridan High School and Ft. Mackenzie High Schools. The Wright Place and Ft. Mackenzie High School are considered alternative education programs. In addition the district supports home schooling. Private and parochial schools are operated by Normative Services, Holy Name Parish (Holy Name School), and several religion-based organizations. The Northern Wyoming Community College District offers post-secondary education with Sheridan College.

Sheridan has a public library, a branch of the Sheridan County Public Library System.

Notable people

Trail on range land in Sheridan Wyoming
A public use trail for runners, mountain bikers and hikers in Sheridan.
  • Brad Anderson, former CEO of Best Buy
  • Jerry Andrus (1918–2007), magician, optical illusionist
  • Jim Benepe, professional golfer, won 1988 Beatrice Western Open
  • Buffalo Bill Cody, auditioned talent for his Wild West Show off the front porch of the Sheridan Inn
  • William Henry Harrison III, U.S. Representative from Wyoming
  • John B. Kendrick, Governor of Wyoming (1915–1917) and U.S. Senator (1917–1933)
  • Zarif Khan, restaurant owner and investor who lived in Sheridan
  • T. Allen Lawson, American artist
  • Forrest Edward Mars Jr, Candy Heir (Mars, Incorporated)
  • Clint Oldenburg, born in Sheridan and played football for the Washington Redskins
  • Louis J. O'Marr, 13th Attorney General of Wyoming
  • Romaine Patterson, Sirius Satellite Radio talk show host, activist
  • John Pilch, former NBA player
  • John Howard Pyle, governor of Arizona, 1951–1955
  • Frank J. Rodriguez Sr., Minnesota state representative
  • Pete Simpson, state representative from Sheridan County from 1981 to 1984; later administrator at the University of Wyoming
  • Oliver Wallop, 8th Earl of Portsmouth, Wyoming state legislator, rancher, and British noble
  • Cris Williamson, singer and songwriter
  • Dan M. "Buck" Brannaman, "horse whisperer" and star of film Buck
  • Constantine Scollen, famous missionary priest, pastor of the Catholic Church during 1893–1894

See also

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