Shiogama, Miyagi facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Shiogama City
塩竈市
City
Symbol
Flag
Location of Shiogama City in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Shiogama City in Miyagi Prefecture
 
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi Prefecture
Area
 • Total 17.86 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 56,490
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Shiogama cherry
- Flower White Japanese camellia
Phone number 022-261-1111
Address Sendai-shi, Aoba-ku, Kokubun-cho 3-7-1
985-8501
Website www.city.shiogama.miyagi.jp
Port of Shiogama from the sea
Port of Shiogama

Shiogama (塩竈市 Shiogama-shi) is a city in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. The city was seriously affected by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. However, between 1 March and 31 August 2011, less than 1% of the people left the city.

Geography

Shiogama is in the central part of Miyagi Prefecture. It is between Sendai and Matsushima. The city is surrounded by water and mountains: Matsushima Bay is on one side and Matsushima Hills on the other.

The flat areas of the city are mainly reclaimed land. About 60 percent of the urban area is on reclaimed land and 40 percent on hills. People living in the town are crowded into a narrow area. Not much land is good for stripmalls.

Writing the name of the city

The Japanese language has several writing systems. One of them is kanji. Different kanji may have the same pronunciation. Some kanji are similar in form and meaning. There are two ways to write the name of the city. Both ways have the basic meaning "a pot for boiling salt". Both sound the same, but have slightly different meanings.

One way is to write 塩釜. The other way is 塩竈. The first way to write the city name is often used, such as on the post office, train station, many brand names, and on signs.

The second way comes from the history and an important landmark in the city. Shiogama shrine is at the top of a hill in the city. It is an important Shinto shrine in the Tohoku region. The city got its name from the shrine, but the shrine is written 鹽竈神社. The first character, 鹽, is an old character for salt. It has been replaced in the list of kanji for general use by a simpler character, 塩. The second character, 竈, or kamado/kama, means a large cooking area made of earth. The newer name uses 釜, which means an iron pot.

Transportation

Train stations

  • Tōhoku Main Line: Shiogama
  • Senseki Line: Nishi-Shiogama, Hon-Shiogama, Higashi-Shiogama

Major roads

  • National Highways
    • Route 45
  • Miyagi Prefectural Highways
    • 3 Shiogama—Yoshioka
    • 10 Shiogama—Watari
    • 11 Shiogama-kō (Shiogama—Shiogama-kō)
    • 23 Sendai—Shiogama
    • 35 Izumi—Shigoama
    • 58 Shiogama—Shichigahama—Tagajō

Culture

Festivals

  • Shiogama 'Hote' festival (10 March)
  • Shiogama Flower festival and Shiogama Citizens Festival (late April)
  • Shiogama Harbor festival (Eve:before Marine Day/festival:Marine Day July)

Visitor attractions


Shiogama, Miyagi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.