Miyagi Prefecture facts for kids
|Area (rank)||7,285.16 km² (17th)|
|- % water||0.3%|
|Population (December 1, 2010)|
|- Population||2,337,513 (15th)|
|- Density||320.86 /km²|
|- Flower||Miyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)|
|- Tree||Japanese zelkova
|- Bird||Wild goose|
Symbol of Miyagi Prefecture
Miyagi Prefecture used to be part of Mutsu Province. That province was in the northern part of Honshu. It was made from land taken from the indigenous Emishi. The province became the largest as it expanded to the north. The ancient capital was in modern Miyagi Prefecture.
During the Sengoku period, various clans ruled different parts of the province. Date Masamune was a close ally of the Tokugawa. He established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.
In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
There are thirteen cities in Miyagi Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
National parks cover about 23% of the total land area of the prefecture. They include:
- Rikuchu Kaigan National Park
Farming, fishing and sake brewing are all important in Miyagi. As of March 2011, the prefecture made 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of its oysters, and 15.9% of its saury fish. Manufacturing around Sendai is a larger part of the economy. The area produces electronics, appliances, and processed food.
- Miyagi University
- Miyagi University of Education
- Miyagi Gakuin Women's University
- Sendai University
- Sendai Shirayuri Women's College
- Tohoku University
- Tohoku Gakuin University
- Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
- Tohoku Institute of Technology
- Tohoku Fukushi University
- Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College
- Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
- Shokei Gakuin University
- Ishinomaki Senshu University
- JR East
- Tohoku Shinkansen
- Tohoku Line
- Joban Line
- Senseki Line
- Senzan Line
- Ishinomaki Line
- Rikuu East Line
- Ofunato Line
- Sendai Municipal Subway Nanboku Line
- Abukuma Express Railway
- Sendai Airport Railway
- Sendai Airport was badly damaged by the 2011 tsunami.
Miyagi Prefecture has one of Japan's Three Great Views. Matsushima Bay is full of small islands with old pine trees on them. Many visitors come here every year and many artists have painted the islands.
The following are also noted as attractions:
Festivals and events
- Aoba Festival, Suzume Dancing – May
- Sendai Tanabata Festival – August 6 to 8
- Sendai Pageant of Starlight – December
- Shiogama Port Festival – July
- Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition – May 3 to 5
- Narugo Kokeshi Festival – September
Shrines and temples
Miyagi Prefecture Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.