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Socorro, Texas
Motto(s): 
City with a Mission
Location of Socorro, Texas
Location of Socorro, Texas
ElPaso County Socorro.svg
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County El Paso
Founded 1680
Incorporated 1985 (first incorporated 1871)
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 22.06 sq mi (57.13 km2)
 • Land 22.03 sq mi (57.07 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
3,661 ft (1,116 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 32,013
 • Density 1,451.31/sq mi (560.35/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
79927-79929
Area code(s) 915
FIPS code 48-68636
GNIS feature ID 1388220

Socorro is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States on the north bank of the Rio Grande southeast of El Paso and on the border of Mexico. El Paso adjoins it on the west and the smaller city of San Elizario on the southeast; small unincorporated areas of El Paso County separate it from the nearby municipalities of Horizon City to the north and Clint to the east. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 27,152. By the 2010 census, the number had grown to 32,013. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is El Paso County's second-largest municipality, after El Paso. It has a council manager type of government with five city council members. Socorro is the 93rd largest community in the state of Texas.

Geography

Socorro is located at 31°38′29″N 106°16′29″W / 31.64139°N 106.27472°W / 31.64139; -106.27472 (31.641340, −106.274756).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.06 square miles (57.13 km2), of which 22.03 square miles (57.07 km2) is land and 0.023 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.10%, is water.

History

Socorro was established in 1796 by Scamaz and Piro Indians fleeing the Pueblo Revolt in northern New Mexico. It took its name from Socorro, New Mexico, the town in central New Mexico from which the Piros had originated, which had been given the name Socorro (Spanish for "aid" or "succor") by the Spaniards due to the helpful attitude of the Piro toward the Spaniards at the time of first contact. The probable date of a Mass celebrated in the mission church of Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Socorro, October 13, 1680, is regarded as the founding date of the city called Socorro the Spaniards and the Piro they brought south with them from New Mexico established in Texas. It was first incorporated in 1871 and was re-incorporated in 1985 in response to an annexation attempt from neighboring El Paso.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 801
1910 1,147
1990 22,995
2000 27,152 18.1%
2010 32,013 17.9%
Est. 2015 33,222 3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

The city of Socorro population was 32,013 in the 2010 census which made it the 95th-largest city in Texas, or bigger than 94% of all Texas cities. From 2000 to 2010, the Socorro city population growth percentage was 17.9% (or from 27,152 people to 32,013 people).

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,792 households and 7,703 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,453.2 people per square mile (560.9/km²). There were 9,313 housing units at an average density of 422.7/sq mi (163.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.2% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.9% some other race, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 96.7% of the population.

There were 8,792 households out of which 56.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were headed by married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.4% were non-families. 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.64 and the average family size was 3.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $30,014, and the median income for a family was $30,998. Males had a median income of $26,239 versus $20,189 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,455. About 29.3% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.4% of those under age 18 and 29.2% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Bulldog Championship Park – Park includes splash park, amphitheater, walking trails, and a pond.

Socorro Mission – Franciscan Mission built around 1840 to serve the Native American population in the area. The white adobe mission is a registered Texas historic landmark and one of three missions on the historic Mission Trail. In the mission stands a $300,000 replica of the Pieta. It is one of only 112 authorized replicas of the Pieta, finished by artist Michelangelo in 1499, which can be found in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.

Socorro Entertainment Center – Native American entertainment and concert venue. Past and upcoming concerts include national acts such as Counting Crows, Gipsy Kings, KC and the Sunshine Band, BB King, Everclear, Soul Asylum, Toad the Wet Sprocket, and many more.

Parks

  • Mauro Rosas Park
  • Silvestre Reyes Park
  • Rio Vista Park
  • Cougar Park
  • Moon City Park
  • Paradize Park
  • Valle Hermoso Park
  • Amistad Park
  • Rio Bosque Wetlands Park
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