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El Paso County, Texas facts for kids

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El Paso County
El Paso skyline
El Paso skyline
Official seal of El Paso County
Map of Texas highlighting El Paso County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1871
Seat El Paso
Largest city El Paso
 • Total 1,015 sq mi (2,630 km2)
 • Land 1,013 sq mi (2,620 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.2%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 791/sq mi (305/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districts 16th, 23rd

El Paso County is the westernmost county in the state of Texas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 800,647, making it the sixth-most populous county in Texas. Its county seat is El Paso, the sixth-most populous city in Texas and the 19th-most populous city in the United States. The county was created in 1850 and later organized in 1871.

El Paso is short for "El Paso del Norte" which is Spanish for "The Pass of the North." It is named for the pass the Rio Grande creates through the mountains on either side of the river. This county is north of the Mexican border.

El Paso County is included in the El Paso, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Along with Hudspeth County, it is one of only two counties in the state of Texas to fall into the Mountain Time Zone, instead of Central Time. It is one of the nine counties that comprise the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2), of which 1,013 square miles (2,620 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,051
1870 3,671 −9.4%
1880 3,845 4.7%
1890 15,678 307.8%
1900 24,886 58.7%
1910 52,599 111.4%
1920 101,877 93.7%
1930 131,597 29.2%
1940 131,067 −0.4%
1950 194,968 48.8%
1960 314,070 61.1%
1970 359,291 14.4%
1980 479,899 33.6%
1990 591,610 23.3%
2000 679,622 14.9%
2010 800,647 17.8%
Est. 2015 835,593 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 800,647 people residing in the county. 82.1% were White, 10.5% of other races, 3.1% African American or Black, 2.5% of two or more races, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% Native American and 0.1% Pacific Islander. 82.2% were Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 679,622 people, 210,022 households, and 166,127 families residing in the county. The population density was 671 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 224,447 housing units at an average density of 222 per square mile (86/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.95% White, 17.91% from other races, 3.06% African American or Black, 0.82% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, and 3.19% from two or more races. 78.23% of the population were Latino of any race.

There were 210,022 households out of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.63.

In the county, the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,051, and the median income for a family was $33,410. Males had a median income of $26,882 versus $20,722 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,421. About 20.50% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.





Census-designated places

Military Base

Unincorporated communities

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