Doña Ana County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Doña Ana County, New Mexico
Seal of Doña Ana County, New Mexico
Map
Map of New Mexico highlighting Doña Ana County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the USA highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1852
Seat Las Cruces
Largest City Las Cruces
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,814 sq mi (9,878 km²)
3,808 sq mi (9,863 km²)
6.9 sq mi (18 km²), 0.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

214,295
55/sq mi (21/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.donaanacounty.org

Doña Ana County is a county located in the southern part of the state of New Mexico, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 209,233, which makes it the second-most populated county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Las Cruces, the second-most populous municipality in New Mexico. Doña Ana is a Spanish name meaning "Madam Anna" and was probably given in honor of some Spanish matron.

Doña Ana County comprises the Las Cruces, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the El Paso-Las Cruces, TX-NM Combined Statistical Area.

Doña Ana is pronounced Doñana. It borders West Texas and the Mexican state of Chihuahua to the south.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,814 square miles (9,880 km2), of which 3,808 square miles (9,860 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (0.2%) is covered by water.

The county contains a number of prominent geographical features, most notably the Mesilla Valley (the flood plain of the Rio Grande) going north to south through the center and the Organ Mountains along the county's eastern edge. Other mountain ranges in the county are the Robledo Mountains, Doña Ana Mountains, Sierra de las Uvas, the southern end of the San Andres Mountains, East Potrillo Mountains, and West Potrillo Mountains, as well as two small, isolated mountains, Tortugas (or A) Mountain on the east and Picacho Peak on the west side of Las Cruces. The county also includes one of New Mexico's four large lava fields, the Aden Malpais, and one of the world's largest maare volcanoes, Kilbourne Hole.

Adjacent counties and municipios

National protected areas

  • El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail (part)
  • Prehistoric Trackways National Monument
  • San Andres National Wildlife Refuge
  • White Sands National Monument (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 12,893
1920 16,548 28.3%
1930 27,455 65.9%
1940 30,411 10.8%
1950 39,557 30.1%
1960 59,948 51.5%
1970 69,773 16.4%
1980 96,340 38.1%
1990 135,510 40.7%
2000 174,682 28.9%
2010 209,233 19.8%
Est. 2015 214,295 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 174,682 people, 59,556 households, and 42,939 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 65,210 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.82% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 24.74% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. 63.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 59,556 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.70% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,808, and the median income for a family was $33,576. Males had a median income of $27,215 versus $20,883 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,999. 25.40% of the population and 20.20% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 34.40% are under the age of 18 and 12.70% are 65 or older.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 209,233 people, 75,532 households, and 51,863 families residing in the county. The population density was 55.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.2/km2). There were 81,492 housing units at an average density of 21.4 per square mile (8.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% white, 1.7% black or African American, 1.5% American Indian, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 18.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 65.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 7.3% were German, and 2.2% were American.

Of the 75,532 households, 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, and 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 32.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,657 and the median income for a family was $43,184. Males had a median income of $33,510 versus $25,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,315. About 20.1% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Donaana-countymap
Map of Doña Ana County

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

Other places


Doña Ana County, New Mexico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.