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Luna County, New Mexico facts for kids

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Luna County
Luna County Courthouse in Deming
Luna County Courthouse in Deming
Map of New Mexico highlighting Luna County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  New Mexico
Founded March 16, 1901
Named for Solomon Luna
Seat Deming
Largest city Deming
Area
 • Total 2,965 sq mi (7,680 km2)
 • Land 2,965 sq mi (7,680 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
23,709
 • Density 8.5/sq mi (3.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Luna County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,095. Its county seat is Deming. This county abuts the Mexican border. Luna County comprises the Deming, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Before dawn on March 16, 1916, Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa led several hundred of his rebel soldiers across the Mexican border into the southern county village of Columbus. The invaders raided and burned much of the town, causing many residents to flee to the desert. Although the raid completely surprised everyone in the town, it also awakened 350 United States Army soldiers at Camp Furlong at the edge of town, who defended the town with two machine guns. The fighting continued until dawn, when Villa fled back across the Mexican border, five hours after invading and approximately ninety minutes after attacking the town. Despite the U.S. Army's counter "Mexican Expedition" into Mexico, Villa was never caught; he died seven years later at the hands of an assassin.

Eighteen Columbus residents and U.S. soldiers were killed in the raid, while approximately seventy-five of Villa's soldiers were killed. This raid was the last invasion of American territory until the Japanese invasion of Attu Island during World War II.

Today, Pancho Villa State Park is located in the village of Columbus. It features beautiful cacti and the ruins of "the U.S. Army's first greaserack".

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,965 square miles (7,680 km2), virtually all of which is land. The bulk of the county is flat lowland, either grassland or desert scrub, but it also contains three mountain ranges: Cooke's Range in the north, the Florida Mountains on the southeastern side of Deming near the center of the county, and the Tres Hermanas Mountains in the southern part of the county near Columbus.

Adjacent counties and municipio

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,913
1920 12,270 213.6%
1930 6,247 −49.1%
1940 6,457 3.4%
1950 8,753 35.6%
1960 9,839 12.4%
1970 11,706 19.0%
1980 15,585 33.1%
1990 18,110 16.2%
2000 25,016 38.1%
2010 25,095 0.3%
2019 (est.) 23,709 −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2016

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 25,095 people, 9,593 households, and 6,484 families living in the county. The population density was 8.5 inhabitants per square mile (3.3/km2). There were 10,999 housing units at an average density of 3.7 per square mile (1.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.7% white, 1.3% American Indian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 16.6% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 61.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 9.7% were German, 7.4% were English, 7.3% were Irish, and 2.4% were American.

Of the 9,593 households, 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.4% were non-families, and 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 39.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,997 and the median income for a family was $33,312. Males had a median income of $31,905 versus $19,865 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,687. About 26.2% of families and 32.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.2% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Village

Census-designated places

Ghost towns

Education

Residents are zoned to Deming Public Schools.

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