Southgate, Michigan facts for kids
|Nickname(s): The Dining Capital of Downriver|
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
|• Total||6.86 sq mi (17.77 km2)|
|• Land||6.85 sq mi (17.74 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||591 ft (180 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||29,585|
|• Density||4,386.4/sq mi (1,693.6/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0638446|
Southgate was established as a city in October 1958, which was one of the last remaining portions of the now-defunct Ecorse Township, Michigan.
Pierre Michel Campau was the first white settler in Southgate. He moved into the area in 1795, which subsequently became a farming community. Other people from the Detroit area at the Rouge and Detroit Rivers followed him to Southgate.
Historically a rural area of Ecorse Township, the areas within present-day Southgate were originally platted with street grids beginning in the 1920s - though most developments did not start until just after World War II. Among the oldest residential areas in the city is the Old Homestead neighborhood, on the east side.
There are two accounts of the city's name: Southgate is described in local guides as being the "South Gate" or entrance to the Metro Detroit area. "A metropolitan daily picture story" in late 1956 also gave this explanation.
Southgate's first mayor, Thomas J. Anderson, also stated in 1956 that the name originated from the newly built Southgate Shopping Center at the southeast corner of Eureka & Trenton roads. "We were trying to get a separate post office for our community, and were advised that it would help our cause if the township board passed a resolution creating an unincorporated village," Anderson explained. "The name Southgate was chosen because of the shopping center then under consideration, and the board agreed that it was an appropriate name. Anderson had previously suggested the city be named Southgate due to its location south of Detroit. Anderson became aware of Southgate, California near Los Angeles during World War II while temporarily stationed in San Diego, CA. The resolution was adopted at a regular meeting in the early summer of 1953."
Thomas Anderson became the first mayor in 1958 after being Ecorse Township's supervisor for the previous five years. Southgate Anderson High School was named after him in 1982.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.86 square miles (17.77 km2), of which 6.85 square miles (17.74 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. Southgate borders the cities of Riverview (south), Wyandotte (east), Allen Park (northwest), Taylor (west), and Lincoln Park (north), as well as Brownstown Township (southwest).
- I-75 runs through the northwest corner of Southgate.
- US 25 was the pre-1968 designation for Dix-Toledo Highway.
- M-85, Fort Street, is a half-mile road that forms most of the boundary between Wyandotte and Southgate. At Leroy Street, Fort Street veers southwest for a half-mile through a retail district before turning due south again as a mile road.
- Eureka Road - a major east-west mile road most of the city's shopping areas are along it.
- Goddard Road - a minor east-west mile road that forms the boundary between Southgate and Allen Park. Just east of I-75, the road falls off grid.
- Northline Road - a major east-west mile road, located between Goddard and Eureka Roads.
- Trenton Road - a minor north-south road that runs through the east end of the city, connecting Dix-Toledo Highway at Northline Road to Fort Street at Pennsylvania Road.
- Quarry Road - a minor north-south half-mile road that branches off of Fort Street and shortly runs along the border with Wyandotte before entering Riverview at Pennsylvania Road.
- Allen Road and Pennsylvania Road form Southgate's western and southern borders, respectively.
Other roads of note
- Brest Street - an east-west half-mile road (residential street), located between Northline and Goddard roads
- Superior Street - an east-west half-mile road (residential street) between Eureka and Northline roads
- Leroy Street - an east-west half-mile road (residential street) between Eureka and Pennsylvania roads
- Burns Street - a north-south mile road (residential street) between Fordline and Fort Street
- Fordline Avenue - a north-south half-mile road (residential street) between McCann and Burns streets
- McCann Avenue - a north-south mile road (residential street) between Reeck Road and Fordline
- Reeck Road - a north-south half-mile road (mostly residential street) between McCann Street and Allen Road
The Conrail Shared Assets Lincoln Secondary runs through the northwest corner of Southgate and is notable for the large grade crossing (one of the largest in the world) through the intersection of Northline and Allen Roads, and also has a crossing at Reeck Road.
Three Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation bus routes pass through the city of Southgate, providing service seven days a week.
As of the census of 2010, there were 30,047 people, 13,062 households, and 7,833 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,386.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,693.6/km2). There were 13,933 housing units at an average density of 2,034.0 per square mile (785.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.7% White, 5.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.5% of the population.
There were 13,062 households of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,136 people, 12,836 households, and 8,048 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,395.8 per square mile (1,696.1/km²). There were 13,361 housing units at an average density of 1,948.9 per square mile (752.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.66% White, 2.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.98% of the population.
There were 12,836 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,927, and the median income for a family was $56,710. Males had a median income of $45,829 versus $28,549 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,219. About 2.6% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
Images for kids
Southgate, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.