St Columba's Church, St Columb Major facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsChurch of Saint Columba
|Location||St Columb Major|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Dedication||Saint Columba the Virgin|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed|
|Spire height||80 feet (24 m)|
|Materials||Slatestone rubble with granite dressings|
|Parish||St Columb Major|
|Rector||Revd. Helen Baber|
|Curate(s)||Revd. Tess Lowe|
St Columba's Church is a 14th-century, Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England Diocese of Truro in St Columb Major, Cornwall. In 1860 plans were drawn up by William Butterfield, in hope of St Columb church becoming the cathedral of the future diocese of Cornwall, but the cathedral was built at Truro. A second church dedicated to the same saint is known as St Columba's Church, St Columb Minor
The current church dates from the 13th to 15th centuries. The font is Norman and there are many good examples of woodcarving in the church: these include the bench ends dated 1510, the rood screen, wagon roofs, and a 19th-century carved wooden pulpit.
In 1676 three youths set fire to a barrel of gunpowder, killing themselves and causing £350 worth of damage to the church. Through public donations and a small parish rate the church was repaired within nine months.
The church is in the Lann Pydar joint benefice with:
- St Ervan Church
- St Eval Church
- St Mawgan Church
The organ dates from 1870 and was built by Bryceson & Ellis of Lincoln. A specification of the organ can be found in the National Pipe Organ Register.
The octagonal stone font in south aisle, of circa 1300 with carved sides, including five men's faces, on stem with clustered outer shafts.
According to the National Bell register, there are eight bells dating from 1776 to 1950. The earliest bells are by J C & W Pennington of Exeter. (1776). The later ones are by John Taylor & Co, (1950 & 1969). One bell from 1825 is by John Rudhall. The bells were overhauled in 1950 by Loughborough Bellfoundry. The heaviest of the bells is the tenor, which weighs 1404lb or 637kg.
Some of the more interesting items are some fine monumental brasses and memorials, including:
- Sir John Arundell (1474–1545), KB, of Lanherne, St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Cornwall, "the most important man in the county", Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall, perhaps not buried here. His brass was described by Dunkin (1882) as "perhaps the most elaborate and interesting brass to be found in Cornwall"
- Eleanor Grey wife of the above John Arundell. She was granddaughter of Elizabeth Woodville, who was Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV
- Sir John Arundell, 1591, and his wife (died 1602, brass engraved 1635)
- John Arundell and his wife, 1633 (on the same stone).
- Robert Hoblyn was a Member of Parliament for Bristol who died at Nanswhyden House on 17 November 1756. His monument in St Columb Church bears a long inscription.
- Sir Richard Bellings (1622 – 30 October 1716) was an Irish courtier who served as the Knight secretary to Catherine of Braganza, the wife of King Charles II.
The granite war memorial, erected in 1920, was designed to represent a classic Cornish cross. It names 55 men connected to the parish who lost their lives in the first and second world wars
There is a fine wooden screen by the architect George Fellowes Prynne and some exceptional oak benchends, dating as far back as 1510. The fine organ is by Bryceston Bros. & Ellis of London and a copy of the "Letter of Thanks" to the Cornish people sent by Charles I in 1643 (similar copies are found in many Cornish churches). There are also two sculptures by the artist Allan G. Wyon and a stained glass window portraying St Columba the Virgin. In the churchyard is St Columba's Cross.
St Columba's Church, St Columb Major Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.