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Sutlej / Satluj
2 River Satluj Sutlej Ropar Dam and Bridge in Rupnagar Punjab India.jpg
River Sutlej in Rupnagar, Punjab, India
Path of the Sutlej
Other name(s) ਸਤਲੁਜ /ستلُج / ستلُج / सतलज नदी
Country China, India, Pakistan
State Tibet, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Bahawalpur district, Punjab
Physical characteristics
Main source Langqên Zangbo
4,575 m (15,010 ft)
30°50′39″N 81°12′17″E / 30.84417°N 81.20472°E / 30.84417; 81.20472
River mouth Confluence with Chenab to form the Panjnad River
Bahawalpur district, Punjab, Pakistan
102 m (335 ft)
29°23′23″N 71°3′42″E / 29.38972°N 71.06167°E / 29.38972; 71.06167
Length 1,500 km (930 mi)approx.
Basin features
Basin size 395,000 km2 (153,000 sq mi)approx.
  • Left:
  • Right:
    Spiti, Beas
Sutlej Valley from Rampur ca. 1857
Sutlej Valley from Rampur ca. 1857

The Sutlej River (sometimes spelled Satluj River) is a branches of the Indus River. It is the longest of the five major rivers that flow through the region of Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. It is north of the Vindhya Range, south of the Hindu Kush, and east of the Central Makran range in Pakistan.

It is the easternmost branch of the Indus River. The source of the river is at Lake Rakshastal in Tibet, near Mount Kailas. It flows generally west and southwest through the region of Punjab. The region to its south and east is dry, and is known as the Thar Desert.


In Punjabi, the river's name is written ਸਤਲੁਜ. In Sanskrit, it is शतद्रु or सुतुद्रीSuṭudri. In Urdu, it is written Urdu: ستلج, and Hindi: सतलुज.

In the Mahabharata, the river is named the Satadree. It is also known as the Red River.


Beas river and mountains as seen from Van Vihar, Manali
River Beas and mountains, as seen from Van Vihar, Manali, India

The Beas River (Punjabi: ਬਿਆਸ) is the second easternmost of the rivers of the Punjab region. The river rises in the Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows for some 290 miles (470 km) to the Sutlej River in the west of the Indian Punjab state.

Indus Water Treaty

The waters of the Beas and Sutlej rivers as well as of the Ravi River are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan.

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