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Taiwan Province

Flag of Taiwan Province
Official seal of Taiwan Province
Map depicting subdivisions nominally part of the province (red)
Map depicting subdivisions nominally part of the province (red)
Country Republic of China
Established 1945-10-25
Streamlined 1998-12-21
Government dissolved 2018-07-01
Provincial capital None
 • Body None
 • Total 25,110.0037 km2 (9,695.0266 sq mi)
 • Total 7,060,473
 • Density 281.181679/km2 (728.25721/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Taiwanese
Time zone UTC+8 (Asia/Taipei)
Cities 3
Counties 11
Taiwan (Chinese characters).svg
"Taiwan" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese 臺灣
Simplified Chinese 台湾
Postal Taiwan
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Taiwan Province
Traditional Chinese 臺灣 or 台灣
Simplified Chinese 台湾

Taiwan Province is a nominal province of the Republic of China without administrative function. Its administrative powers have been transferred to the central and county governments.

Taiwan Province covers approximately 69% of the actual-controlled territory of the Republic of China, with around 31% of the total population. The province initially included the island of Taiwan (Formosa), Penghu (the Pescadores), Orchid Island, Green Island, Xiaoliuqiu Island, and their surrounding islands. Between 1967 and 2014, six special municipalities (Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei and Taoyuan) were split off from the province, all in the most populous regions.

The Taiwan Provincial Government was established in September 1945, after the Japanese rule. It was streamlined in December 1998, with administrative functions transferred to the National Development Council and other ministries of the Executive Yuan. In July 2018, the government was dissolved, with budget and personnel removed.


The province is made up of most of the island of Taiwan, and also the Penghu islands. Even though the special municipalities of Kaoshiung, Tainan, New Taipei, and Taipei are all on Taiwan island, they are not part of Taiwan Province.


The province has a Provincial Council with 9 members, led by a Governor of Taiwan Province.


Provincial cities


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