Timeline of Hartford, Connecticut facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hartford, Connecticut, USA.

Prior to 19th century

  • 1623 – Fort Hoop built by Dutch West India Company.
  • 1635 – English settlers arrive.
  • 1636 – First Church congregation relocates to "Newtown", Connecticut, from New Town, Massachusetts.
  • 1637
    • Settlement renamed Hartford.
    • Town square laid out.
  • 1638 – Latin school founded.
  • 1640 – Burying Ground established (approximate date).
  • 1647 – Alse Young hanged for witchcraft.
  • 1662 – Hartford serving as capital of Connecticut Colony.
  • 1670 – Indian treaty signed.
  • 1701 – Hartford and New Haven designated joint capitals of Connecticut Colony.
  • 1764 – Connecticut Courant newspaper begins publication.
  • 1774 – Library Company formed.
  • 1775 – 4th Connecticut Regiment organized.
  • 1783 – Town of East Hartford separates from Hartford.
  • 1784
    • City chartered.
    • American Mercury newspaper begins publication.
  • 1788 – Woollen mill in operation.
  • 1790 – Population: 2,683.
  • 1792 – Hartford Bank incorporated.
  • 1796
    • American Cookery published.
    • State House built.
  • 1797 – Joseph Steward's museum opens.

19th century

  • 1810 – Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated.
  • 1812 – Chauncey Goodrich elected mayor.
  • 1814
    • Hartford Convention.
    • Phoenix Bank incorporated.
  • 1818
    • Bridge over Connecticut River built.
    • American Asylum for Deaf-mutes incorporated.
  • 1819 – Aetna Insurance Company and Society for Savings incorporated.
  • 1820 – Population: 4,726.
  • 1823
    • Washington College founded.
    • Hartford Female Seminary established.
    • Connecticut River Steamboat Co. incorporated.
  • 1824
    • Nathaniel Terry becomes mayor.
    • Connecticut Retreat for the Insane opens.
  • 1825
    • Connecticut Historical Society established.
    • Times & Hartford Advertiser newspaper begins publication.
    • Connecticut River Banking Co. and Protection Insurance Co. incorporated.
  • 1826
    • The Hartford Times newspaper begins publication.
    • African Religious Society church built on Talcott Street.
  • 1827 – Christ Church Cathedral built.
  • 1830 – Population: 7,074.
  • 1833
    • Miss Draper's Seminary for Young Ladies in operation (approximate date).
    • Hartford Literary and Religious Institution
    • Farmers & Mechanics Bank incorporated.
  • 1834 – Exchange Bank incorporated.
  • 1835 – Patriot and Democrat newspaper begins publication.
  • 1836
    • Firemen's Benevolent Society organized.
    • Northern Courier newspaper begins publication.
  • 1837 – Daily Courant newspaper begins publication.
  • 1838 – Hartford Young Men's Institute formed.
  • 1840
    • Hartford Times newspaper begins publication.
    • Population: 9,468.
  • 1841 – Washington Temperance Society, Martha Washington Temperance Society, and Young Men's Temperance Society organized.
  • 1843 – Hartford Journal newspaper begins publication.
  • 1844
    • Hartford and New Haven Railroad and Hartford and Springfield Railroad begin operating.
    • Wadsworth Atheneum opens.
  • 1847 – I. & G. Fox Co. established.
  • 1848 – Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company founded.
  • 1849 – The Republican newspaper begins publication.
  • 1850 – Population: 13,555.
  • 1853 – Aetna Life Insurance Company incorporated.
  • 1854
    • Henry C. Deming becomes mayor.
    • West Hartford municipality splits from Hartford.
    • Connecticut State Library and Hartford Hospital established.
  • 1856
    • City rechartered.
    • Charter Oak felled in storm.
    • Hartford Evening Press newspaper begins publication.
    • Armsmear built for Samuel Colt.
  • 1858 – Hartford Daily Post newspaper begins publication.
  • 1860
    • Boys' Club founded.
    • Population: 26,917.
    • Police department established.
  • 1864 – Travelers Insurance Company founded.
  • 1865 – Theological Institute of Connecticut relocates to Harford.
  • 1866 – Charles R. Chapman becomes mayor.
  • 1868
    • Bushnell Park laid out.
    • Cedar Hill Cemetery consecrated.
  • 1869 – Travelers Journal newspaper begins publication.
  • 1872
    • New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and Ados Israel Synagogue founded.
    • Windsor Avenue Congregational Church built (approximate date).
  • 1873 – Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church built.
  • 1874 – Mark Twain's house built on Farmington Avenue.
  • 1876 – Cheney Building constructed.
  • 1877 – Hartford Society for Decorative Art formed.
  • 1878
    • George G. Sumner elected mayor.
    • State Capitol building constructed.
    • Pope Manufacturing Company in business, making Columbia Bicycles.
  • 1880 – Morgan Bulkeley becomes mayor.
  • 1881 – Watkinson School founded.
  • 1882 – Post Office and Custom House built.
  • 1883
    • Hartford Telegram newspaper begins publication.
    • Hartford Electric Light Co. organized.
  • 1884 – The Wooden Nutmeg begins publication.
  • 1885 – Hartford Camera Club organized.
  • 1886 – Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch dedicated.
  • 1888 – Hartford Morning Record newspaper begins publication.
  • 1889 – Union Station built.
  • 1890 – Population: 53,230.
  • 1892 – Hartford Public Library opens.
  • 1896 – City consolidated.
  • 1897 – Elizabeth Park laid out (approximate date).
  • 1898
    • Pope Park laid out.
    • La Salette Missionary college in operation.
    • Sage-Allen building constructed.
  • 1899 – Corning Fountain in Bushnell Park dedicated.

20th century

  • 1901 – Underwood Typewriter Company factory in operation.
  • 1908
    • Bridge over Connecticut River rebuilt.
    • Royal Typewriter Company manufactory in operation.
    • Morgan art gallery built.
  • 1909 – Flood.
  • 1910
    • Connecticut State Library and Supreme Court Building constructed.
    • Population: 98,915.
  • 1919 – Travelers Tower built.
  • 1920 – The Hartt School founded.
  • 1921 – University of Connecticut School of Law established.
  • 1925 – WTIC (AM) radio begins broadcasting.
  • 1930 – Horace Bushnell Memorial Hall opens.
  • 1931 – Society of the Descendants of the Founders of Hartford organized.
  • 1934
    • February 7: Premiere of Thomson's opera Four Saints in Three Acts.
    • Symphony Society of Greater Hartford formed.
  • 1935 – Thomas J. Spellacy elected mayor.
  • 1938 – Hurricane.
  • 1941 – Windsor Locks airfield active.
  • 1942 – Connecticut Opera formed.
  • 1944
    • Interstate 84 constructed.
    • Circus fire.
  • 1945
    • Hartford Collection of local history established at the public library.
    • State governor's residence locates to Prospect Avenue in Hartford.
  • 1947
  • 1950 – Population: 177,397.
  • 1955 – Hartford Graduate School established by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
  • 1957 – University of Hartford chartered.
  • 1962 – Cathedral of St. Joseph rebuilt.
  • 1963
    • Hartford Stage founded.
    • Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Building constructed.
  • 1964 – Constitution Plaza built.
  • 1967 – Greater Hartford Community College established.
  • 1968 – Harriet Beecher Stowe House museum opens.
  • 1970
    • Racial unrest.
    • Cinestudio founded.
  • 1974
    • Mark Twain House museum opens.
    • Hartford Advocate begins publication.
  • 1975
    • Hartford Civic Center opens.
    • Real Art Ways established.
    • Valley Advocate and Hartford Inquirer newspapers begin publication.
  • 1976 – Connecticut Transit Hartford founded.
  • 1979
  • 1980
    • Population: 136,392.
    • City Place I built.
  • 1987
    • Hartford Karma Thegsum Choling established.
    • Carrie Saxon Perry elected mayor.
    • Hartford News begins publication.
  • 1992
    • Capital Community College established.
    • Connecticut Forum founded.
  • 1998 – City website online (approximate date).[chronology citation needed]
  • 1999 – Hartford Magnet Trinity College Academy established.

21st century

  • 2001 – Eddie Perez elected mayor.
  • 2004 – University High School of Science and Engineering established.
  • 2005 – Connecticut Convention Center opens.
  • 2008 – Global Communications Academy opens.
  • 2009 – Connecticut Science Center opens.
  • 2010
    • Population: 124,775.
    • Pedro Segarra becomes mayor.
  • 2011 – Hurricane Irene.

Timeline of Hartford, Connecticut Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.