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Farmington, Connecticut
Official seal of Farmington, Connecticut
"Respecting History, Planning The Future"
Location in Hartford County, Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Hartford
Region Capitol Region
Settled 1641
Incorporated 1645
Consolidated 1947
 • Type Council-manager
 • Town Council Nancy Nickerson (R), Chm
Jeffrey P. Apuzzo (R)
Jon Landry (R)
Peter Mastrobattista (R)
Meredith A. Trimble (R)
Amy Suffredini (D)
John W. Vibert (D)
 • Total 28.8 sq mi (74.5 km2)
 • Land 28.0 sq mi (72.6 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
161 ft (49 m)
 • Total 25,340
 • Density 880.9/sq mi (340.13/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06032, 06085
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-27600
GNIS feature ID 0213430

Farmington is a town located in Hartford County in the Farmington Valley area of central Connecticut in the United States. The population was 25,340 at the 2010 census. As an affluent suburb of Hartford, it is home to the world headquarters of several large corporations including Carrier Corporation, Otis Elevator Company, and Carvel.


Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

Town Date of separation
Southington 1779
Berlin 1785
Bristol 1785
Wolcott (eastern part) 1796
Burlington 1806
Avon (as Northington) 1845
New Britain 1850
Plainville 1869

Farmington was originally inhabited by the Tunxis Indian tribe. In 1640, a community of English immigrants was established by residents of Hartford, making Farmington the oldest inland settlement west of the Connecticut River and the twelfth oldest communities in the state. Settlers found the area ideal because of its rich soil, location along the floodplain of the Farmington River, and valley geography.

The town and river were given their present names in 1645, which is considered the incorporation year of the town. The town's boundaries were later enlarged several times, making it the largest in the Connecticut Colony. The town was named after Farmington, in England.

Farmington has been called the "mother of towns" because its vast area was divided to produce nine other central Connecticut communities. The borough of Unionville, in Farmington's northwest corner, was once home to many factories harnessing the water power of the Farmington River.

Farmington is steeped in New England history. Main Street, in the historic village section, is lined with colonial estates, some of which date back to the 17th century. During the Revolutionary War, George Washington passed through Farmington on several occasions and referred to the town as "the village of pretty houses." In addition, French troops under General Rochambeau encamped in Farmington en route to Westchester County to offer crucial support to General Washington's army.

Nineteenth century

John Warner Barber - Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill
Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill, a sketch by John Warner Barber (1798–1885) for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (published 1836), shows Barber in the picture, across the Farmington River from the town.

The majority of Farmington residents were abolitionists and were active in aiding escaped slaves. Several homes in the town were "safe houses" on the Underground Railroad. The town became known as "Grand Central Station" among escaped slaves and their "guides".

Farmington played an important role in the famous Amistad trial. In 1841, 38 Mende Africans and Cinqué, the leader of the revolt on the Amistad slave ship, were housed and educated in Farmington after the U.S. government refused to provide for their return to Africa following the trial. The Mende were educated in English and Christianity while funds were raised by residents for their return to Africa.

The Farmington Canal, connecting New Haven with Northampton, Massachusetts, passed through the Farmington River on its eastern bank and was in operation between 1828 and 1848. The canal's right of way and towpath were eventually used for a railroad, portions of which were active up to the 1990s. Part of the canal and railroad line has now been converted to a multi-use trail.

Important institutions in town

UConn Health Center
UConn Health Center

Just above the village, off Mountain Road, lies the Hill-Stead Museum. The estate, completed in 1901 and designed for Alfred Atmore Pope by his daughter Theodate Pope Riddle, one of the first woman American architects, is known for its Colonial Revival architecture. Now a museum, its 19 rooms hold a nationally-recognized collection of Impressionist paintings by such masters as Manet, Monet, Whistler, Degas and Cassatt. It is the site of the annual Sunken Garden Poetry Festival and is a National Historic Landmark.

Miss Porter's School, an exclusive college preparatory school for girls, is in Farmington. The school, whose buildings occupy much of the village center, is a significant historic and cultural institution in its own right. Founded in 1843 by educational reformer Sarah Porter, Miss Porter's has long been one of the most selective preparatory schools for girls in the country. Famous alumni include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Lilly Pulitzer and members of the Bush, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller families.

The town is home to the University of Connecticut Health Center, which employs over 5,000 people. The Health Center also houses John Dempsey Hospital. The hospital provides the only full-service emergency department in the Farmington Valley and a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), one of only two in Connecticut.

Farmington is home to TRUMPF Inc., the largest manufacturer of fabricating machinery in the United States and a world market leader in lasers used for industrial production technology.

Connecticut's first Mormon temple opened in Farmington in 2016.

Development issues

Post office and stage coach, 1907 postcard

Many residents have repeatedly fought proposals by the state to widen Route 4, a main thoroughfare linking northwestern Connecticut to Interstate 84, fearing that such a move would compromise the character and integrity of the town. With the recent relocation of Parsons Chevrolet, "on that crazy corner" just above the village, there is some suspicion that this widening of Route 4 will come sooner rather than later. Work has been delayed because of the town's fight to maintain the village aesthetic and requests for modifications to the proposed plan.

Farmington faces a relatively strong demand for housing. The lure of Farmington's quality public school system, convenient location for commuters, charm, and name recognition continue to attract new home buyers. As such, town officials are faced with the task of accommodating new growth while respecting the preservation and need for open space. Farmington's real estate values are among the highest in Greater Hartford.

In January 2008, town residents overwhelmingly approved the purchase of nearly 100 acres (0.40 km2) of farmland along Route 177, just north of Tunxis Community College. This blocked a proposal to convert the farm into a residential strip, something many feared would have compromised the town's rural feel.


Ct rattle west
Rattlesnake Mountain

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.5 km2), of which 28.0 square miles (72.6 km2) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 2.65%, is water.

After its founding, Farmington gave up territory to form Southington (1779), Bristol (1785), Avon (1830), Plainville (1869), and parts of Berlin (1785) and Bloomfield (1835). Farmington presently borders the towns of Avon, Burlington, Newington, West Hartford, and Plainville, and the cities of New Britain and Bristol.

Farmington is mostly wooded, but there are also meadows and hills in the east and southeast. There are also numerous ponds and lakes. The Farmington River runs through the town from the northwest from Burlington, enters Unionville, then takes a sharp turn near Farmington Center and flows north towards Avon. The Metacomet Ridge, a 100-mile (160 km) range of low traprock mountain ridges, occupies the east side of Farmington as Pinnacle Rock, Rattlesnake Mountain, Farmington Mountain, and Talcott Mountain. The ridge is traversed by the 51-mile-long (82 km) Metacomet Trail, a hiking trail, and contains several rock walls and chimneys suitable for technical climbing in places such as Pinnacle Rock and the Green Wall. These climbing areas, as well as several other rock climbing locations in central Connecticut, are documented in the 1995 book Hooked on Traprock.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1756 3,707 —    
1774 6,069 +63.7%
1782 5,542 −8.7%
1790 2,696 −51.4%
1800 2,809 +4.2%
1810 2,748 −2.2%
1820 3,042 +10.7%
1830 1,901 −37.5%
1840 2,041 +7.4%
1850 2,630 +28.9%
1860 3,144 +19.5%
1870 2,616 −16.8%
1880 3,017 +15.3%
1890 3,179 +5.4%
1900 3,331 +4.8%
1910 3,478 +4.4%
1920 3,844 +10.5%
1930 4,548 +18.3%
1940 5,313 +16.8%
1950 7,026 +32.2%
1960 10,813 +53.9%
1970 14,390 +33.1%
1980 16,407 +14.0%
1990 20,608 +25.6%
2000 23,641 +14.7%
2010 25,340 +7.2%
Source: Interactive Connecticut State Register & Manual and U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of the census of 2010, there were 25,340 people, 9,496 households, and 6,333 families residing in the town. The population density was 879.9 people per square mile (339.7/km²). There were 11,072 housing units at an average density of 351.2 per square mile (135.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.92% White, 2.21% African American, 0.04% Native American, 9.59% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.98% of the population.

There were 10,522 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The mean income for a household in town is $133,160, and the mean income for a family is $159,834). Males had a median income of $80,182 versus $61,098 for females. The per capita income for the town was $54,754. About 3.1% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 28, 2008
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 5,579 186 5,765 31.96%
Republican 4,467 172 4,639 25.72%
Unaffiliated 7,229 380 7,609 42.18%
Minor Parties 21 6 27 0.15%
Total 17,296 744 18,040 100%

Arts and culture

On the National Register of Historic Places

1stChurchofChrist FarmingtonCT
First Church of Christ. Photo by Jack Boucher.
  • Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House — 127 Main Street (added 1998)
  • Farmington Historic District — Porter and Mountain Rds., Main and Garden Sts., Hatter's and Hillstead Lanes, and Farmington Ave. (added 1972)
  • First Church of Christ — 75 Main St. (added 1975)
  • Gen. George Cowles House — 130 Main St. (added 1982)
  • Gridley-Parsons-Staples Homestead — 1554 Farmington Ave. (added 1981)
  • Hill-Stead Museum — 35 Mountain Rd. (added 1991)
  • Pequabuck Bridge — Meadow Rd. at Pequabuck River (added 1984)
  • Shade Swamp Shelter — US 6 E of New Britain Ave. (added 1986)
  • Stanley-Whitman House — 37 High St. (added November 15, 1966)
  • West End Library — 15 School St., Unionville (added 2000)
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