Tonoloway Formation facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsTonoloway Formation
Stratigraphic range: Pridoli
A Tonoloway limestone "fin" known as Blue Rock, Smoke Hole Canyon, West Virginia
|Overlies||Wills Creek Formation|
|Extent||Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia|
|Named for||Tonoloway Ridge, Rock Ford, WV|
|Named by||E. O. Ulrich, 1911|
The basal 50 m consists of medium-dark-gray laminated to thin-bedded calcisiltite with shale partings and interbeds. Overlying 5 m are light-yellowish-gray to olive-gray mudstone and shale. Above this interval are 75 m of laminated calcisiltite with interbeds of thick to very thick bedded calcisiltite. The remainder of the formation is cyclic, consisting of three or four resistant ledges of laminated limestone and shale. Uppermost 20 m contains a variety of limestones. Lower contact with the Wills Creek is probably conformable. Upper contact is conformable and undulatory, occurring at the base of the "calico" limestone of the Keyser Formation.
The depositional environment of the Tonoloway is interpreted as shallow marine.
- Tonoloway Ridge (type section), in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and West Virginia.
- Along Little Juniata River, 2 km northeast of Bellwood, Pennsylvania
- Blue Rock, and other large outcroppings, in the Smoke Hole Canyon of eastern West Virginia
- Trout Pond, in Hardy County, West Virginia
Relative age dating places the Tonoloway in the late Silurian.
Tonoloway Formation Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.