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Troup County
Troup County
Troup County Courthouse and Government Center in LaGrange, April 2012.
Troup County Courthouse and Government Center in LaGrange, April 2012.
Map of Georgia highlighting Troup County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded June 9, 1826; 196 years ago (1826)
Named for George Troup
Seat LaGrange
Largest city LaGrange
 • Total 446 sq mi (1,160 km2)
 • Land 414 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Water 32 sq mi (80 km2)  7.2%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 162/sq mi (63/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 3rd

Troup County (pronounced troop) is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,044. The county seat is LaGrange.

Troup County comprises the LaGrange, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.


For thousands of years, this area of what is now defined as west central Georgia was occupied by cultures of indigenous peoples. In the historic period, it was controlled by the Creek people.

The land for Lee, Muscogee, Troup, Coweta, and Carroll counties was ceded by the Creek to the United States in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. The counties' boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, 1826, but they were not named until December 14, 1826.

The county is named for George Troup, thirty-fourth governor of Georgia, U.S. representative, and senator.

As with much of the Piedmont, this area was developed in the antebellum era for cotton cultivation. By 1860 Troup County was the fourth-wealthiest in Georgia and fifth-largest slaveholding county in the state.

According to U.S. Census data, the 1860 Troup County population included 6,223 whites, 37 "free colored" and 10,002 slaves. By the 1870 census, the white population had increased about 3% to 6,408, while the "colored" population had increased about 12% to 11,224.

In the late 19th century, entrepreneurs in LaGrange built the first cotton mill, and others were rapidly established in this area. Initially they employed only white workers. Textile manufacturing was a major part of the economy until the late 20th century, when textile manufacturing moved offshore to areas with cheaper labor.

20th century to present

During the first half of the 20th century, thousands of blacks left Georgia and other southern states in what is known as the Great Migration. They were seeking work as mechanization reduced the number of farm jobs, and they were seeking more opportunities than in the Jim Crow South, where they were disenfranchised and socially suppressed.

On September 8, 1940, 16-year-old Austin Callaway, a black youth, was arrested in LaGrange as a suspect in an attack on a white woman. The next night a small, armed group of white men took him from the county jail, driving him out to the nearby countryside, where they lynched him.

By 1960, the county was recorded in the US Census as having 31,418 whites and 15,760 "Negroes" (or blacks, African Americans). Following passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, blacks gradually regained the ability to vote and take part in the political process.

On January 25, 2017, Mayor Jim Thornton and Police Chief Louis M. Dekmar, of the county seat of LaGrange, publicly apologized to more than 200 people gathered for a reconciliation service at Warren Temple United Methodist Church for the police's failure decades before to protect Callaway, saying:

"I sincerely regret and denounce the role our Police Department played in Austin's lynching, both through our action and our inaction," Chief Dekmar told a crowd at a traditionally African-American church. "And for that, I’m profoundly sorry. It should never have happened."

As of 2015, the official historian of Troup County is writer Forrest Clark Johnson, III, who has published several books on the county and region's history. He is a retired former teacher in the county's school system.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 414 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (7.2%) is water.

The entirety of Troup County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Major highways

  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • I-185 (GA).svg Interstate 185
  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 14.svg State Route 14
  • Georgia 14 Connector.svg State Route 14 Connector
  • Georgia 14 Spur.svg State Route 14 Spur
  • Georgia 18.svg State Route 18
  • Georgia 54.svg State Route 54
  • Georgia 100.svg State Route 100
  • Georgia 103.svg State Route 103
  • Georgia 109.svg State Route 109
  • Georgia 219.svg State Route 219
  • Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
  • Georgia 411.svg State Route 411 (unsigned designation for I-185)

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,799
1840 15,733 171.3%
1850 16,879 7.3%
1860 16,262 −3.7%
1870 17,632 8.4%
1880 20,565 16.6%
1890 20,723 0.8%
1900 24,002 15.8%
1910 26,228 9.3%
1920 36,097 37.6%
1930 36,752 1.8%
1940 43,879 19.4%
1950 49,841 13.6%
1960 47,189 −5.3%
1970 44,466 −5.8%
1980 50,003 12.5%
1990 55,536 11.1%
2000 58,779 5.8%
2010 67,044 14.1%
2020 (est.) 70,214 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 67,044 people, 24,828 households, and 17,489 families residing in the county. The population density was 161.9 inhabitants per square mile (62.5/km2). There were 28,046 housing units at an average density of 67.7 per square mile (26.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 61.5% white, 33.4% black or African American, 1.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.3% were English, 12.1% were American, 11.4% were Irish, and 7.3% were German.

Of the 24,828 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families, and 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 36.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,770 and the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $39,960 versus $28,218 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,699. About 15.5% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Troup County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 38,099 54.88%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 24,157 34.8%
Native American 127 0.18%
Asian 1,608 2.32%
Pacific Islander 36 0.05%
Other/Mixed 2,443 3.52%
Hispanic or Latino 2,956 4.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 69,426 people, 24,436 households, and 15,354 families residing in the county.


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