Vandalia, Ohio facts for kids
Aerial view of Vandalia, with the Dayton International Airport to the north
|Nickname(s): The Crossroads of America, The Gem's Sparkle, Air City, V-Town, The North Beauty|
Location in Montgomery County and the state of Ohio.
|• Total||12.41 sq mi (32.14 km2)|
|• Land||12.34 sq mi (31.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)|
|Elevation||994 ft (303 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||15,204|
|• Density||1,235.5/sq mi (477.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1049271|
Vandalia is a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States, and a suburb of Dayton. Its population was 15,246 during the 2010 census. In addition to being the city closest to Dayton International Airport, Vandalia lies at the crossroads of I-75 and I-70, making it a major hub for business.
Vandalia is about 10 miles (16 km) north of Dayton on Dixie Drive (former U.S. Highway 25). It is between the Great Miami River and the Stillwater River. The city has been called the "Crossroads of America" due to its location on the National Road and the Dixie Highway. These correspond to U.S. Route 40 and former U.S. Route 25, which in turn, have been supplanted by two major expressways: east-west Interstate 70 and north-south Interstate 75.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.41 square miles (32.14 km2), of which, 12.34 square miles (31.96 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.
On August 17, 1838, Benjamin Wilhelm, a settler from Pennsylvania, settled near the intersection of U.S. Route 40 and US Route 25-A. He built his home and a small general store as a stop and resting place for travelers heading west. The small town began to attract travelers and entrepreneurs, and on February 7, 1848 the town was incorporated as "The Village of Vandalia" with Benjamin Wilhelm as its first mayor. The village was laid out in 38 lots including a church, hotels, blacksmiths shops, a steam sawmill, meat markets, and a carriage shop. It was named after Vandalia, Illinois.
By 1959, Vandalia was outgrowing its "village" status, and its citizens voted to make it a council-manager form of government, effectively making the village into a municipal corporation. On January 2, 1960, Vandalia became a Charter City of the State of Ohio.
Until 2005, Vandalia was home to the Amateur Trapshooting Association (ATA), which moved to Sparta, Illinois after an expansion of the Dayton International Airport.
Some records indicate that Benjamin Wilhelm, the town's founder, settled in Vandalia on his way to Vandalia, Illinois. Instead he stopped here and named his new town after his original destination. Others claim that the town was named Vandalia because the National Road was intended to extend to Vandalia, Illinois, but, for a time, it looked as though it would not do so. This doubt resulted in the name being used for a town along the Road in Ohio.
Vandalia has two specific types of architecture that are heavily present throughout the city: colonial and post-modern. Many of the city buildings have post-modern design and are mainly glass and brick. Butler High School has been re-constructed in this style, and New Morton Middle School, the Justice and Municipal Buildings, the Recreation Center, and a new fire station have already been constructed in this manner. Clashing with this in a unique way that many find aesthetically pleasing is Vandalia's colonial architecture. Many of the older buildings and some of the newer multi-story buildings along James E. Bohanan Memorial Drive have a very high end, colonial look. Other townhouses and condos throughout this area have used this architecture frequently, and many developments around Miller Lane have colonial styles. Some homes throughout different neighborhoods like Meeker Creek, Ashbury Farms, Park Place, and Copperfield have many colonial style homes.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,246 people, 6,571 households, and 4,166 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,235.5 inhabitants per square mile (477.0/km2). There were 7,055 housing units at an average density of 571.7 per square mile (220.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 4.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 6,571 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.
The median age in the city was 40.6 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,603 people, 6,235 households, and 4,090 families residing in the city. As of 2009 there were 27,298 citizens. The population density was 1,236.5 people per square mile (477.4/km²). There were 6,489 housing units at an average density of 549.5 per square mile (212.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.08% White, 1.28% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 6,235 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,463, and the median income for a family was $55,270. Males had a median income of $41,938 versus $26,853 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,199. About 3.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
In 2009 Vandalia and Butler Township officials announced plans to jointly staff two fire stations to improve service delivery and response times.The joint agreement marks the third time in recent past that Vandalia City officials have joined with neighboring communities for a common goal. The City of Vandalia shares a wastewater treatment facility with Tipp City and Huber Heights. The Tri-Cities Wastewater Treatment Plant has been in operation since 1985, and jointly owned by the three cities since 1991. In 2007, the Northern Area Water Authority (NAWA) began supplying drinking water to Vandaila and Tipp City. The plant is jointly owned by the two communities.
The city of Vandalia recently passed plans to reinvent the city's urban core around National Road and Dixe Drive. The plan is to bring many of the old shopping centers to the streetfront while placing parking spaces in the back. The first business to take part in this plan is My Favorite Pet on National in which a new building will be built streetfront next to Wendy's. Many improvements have gone underway already such as new vintage style lampposts, new trees, new signage, decorative stoplights, and brick pavers.
Vandalia has its own weekly community paper, the Vandalia Drummer. Many in the community also receive city-published tabloids like Business at the Crossroads. Many residents throughout this area also regularly read the Dayton Daily News, the metropolitan area's main daily newspaper.
The City of Vandalia boasts several seasonal festivals and events, such as the annual Oktoberfest in the autumn, the Homecoming parade in the fall, and the Air Show & Parade in the summer. They also host a firework show, The Star-Spangled Celebration. Other events include "Taste of Vandalia", a culinary event, and the Vandalia Corporate Challenge. St. Christopher Catholic Church also hosts the Vandalia Fair every summer, one of the largest in the Miami Valley. In 2013, the Chamber of Commerce spearheadedan effort to bring a farmers market to Vandalia. The market is held in Seger Park on Fridays from 3 - 7 p.m. in the months of June - September.
Parks and recreation
Vandalia is a top-rated parks and recreation community. Vandalia has over thirty parks in the area. Some of the larger ones include Helke Park and the Vandalia Sports Complex. It is also home to the Taylorsvile Metropark, home to the historic village of Tadmor. Vandalia also is home of the Vandalia Recreation Center, a highly popular recreational facility.
The city of Dayton had proposed an extension to the Dayton International Airport in 1998 that would annex part of Butler Township. The idea caused a mass conflict as it would disturb the natural shape of the city of Vandalia and it would heavily disturb the shape of National Road, or Rt. 40. The proposals were cancelled, however in 2008, when the city of Vandalia purchased the same land that was partially owned by University of Dayton, the city of Dayton finally began to work on their redeveloped expansion of the airport which included a new sight tower and updating of landscaping and the Airport Access Road. The same land will soon see increased development with the opening of MAC, Morton Middle School, Vandalia-Butler Fire Station #1, and is zoned for increased high end, tech office jobs. The land is also heavily developed as an office park with a mix of retail stores and restaurants. The city of Vandalia is hoping that, with regional cooperation, the city of Dayton will work well to promote more offices and upscale development in the region.
Vandalia, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.