Var (river) facts for kids

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Var
River
Entrevaux-rooftops.jpg
The Var river in Entrevaux
Country  France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Departments Alpes-Maritimes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Tributaries
 - left Tinée, Vésubie
 - right Estéron
Cities Nice, Saint-Laurent-du-Var
Source Alpes-Maritines
 - location Entraunes, Jura, France
 - elevation 1,790 m (5,873 ft)
 - coordinates 44°14′18″N 6°45′6″E / 44.23833°N 6.75167°E / 44.23833; 6.75167
Mouth Mediterranean Sea
 - location Between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var, Alpes-Maritimes, France
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 43°39′15″N 7°12′0″E / 43.65417°N 7.2°E / 43.65417; 7.2
Length 113.8 km (71 mi)
Basin 2,819 km² (1,088 sq mi)
Discharge for Nice
 - average 50.40 /s (1,780 cu ft/s)
Wikimedia Commons: Var River

The Var (Latin: Varus) is a river in southeastern France. It is a right tributary of the Rhône river.It gave its name to the French department of Var. It is a unique case in France of a river not flowing in the department named after it (see Var)

Geography

The Var river has a length of 113.8 km (70.7 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of 2,819 km2 (1,088 sq mi).

Its average yearly discharge (volume of water which passes through a section of the river per unit of time) is 50.40 m3/s (1,780 cu ft/s) at Nice (Pont Napoléon III) in the Alpes-Maritimes department.

Course

Estenc-06
Source of the Var in Estenc

The source of the Var is in the small town of Estenc, in the commune of Entraunes, at an altitude of about 1,790 m (5,873 ft), to the south of the Col de la Cayolle, a mountain pass 2,326 m (7,631 ft) high, in the Alpes-Maritimes department. From here, the Var flows, in general, to the southeast.

The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes department for most of its length; it flows through the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department for a short distance, about 15 km (9.3 mi).

Vallée du Var à Nice
The Var between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var

The Var river flows through 1 region (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur), 2 departments and 31 communes. It flows through the following communes, among others:

Finally, it flows into the Mediterranean Sea between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var.

Main tributaries

The five main tributaries of the Var river are:

Related pages


Var (river) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.