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Alpes-Maritimes
Department
Nizza & Côte d'Azur
Nice and Côte d'Azur
Flag of Alpes-Maritimes
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Alpes-Maritimes in France
Location of Alpes-Maritimes in France
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Département 4 February 1793
Area
 • Total 4,298.6 km2 (1,659.7 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,083,312
 • Density 252.0151/km2 (652.716/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Haut-Alpins
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-06
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 27
Communes 163
Website www.departement06.fr

Alpes-Maritimes (Occitan: Aups Maritims; Italian: Alpi Marittime) is a department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in the extreme southeast corner of France.

The name Alpes-Maritime comes from Alpes Maritimae, a Roman military district created in the region by Augustus in 14 BC.

History

Alpes-Maritimes
Map of the Alpes-Martimes.

The department of the Alpes-Martimes was created on 4 February 1793 with the territory of the County of Nice that was annexed in January of the same year. The capital was Nice. It was divided in three districts: Menton, Nice and Puget-Théniers. In 1794, district of Menton was changed to district of Fort-d'Hercule (Monaco).

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the three districts were changed into three arrondissements: Nice, Monaco and Puget-Théniers.

After the annexation of San Remo, the arrondissement of San Remo was created in 1805. By the Peace of Paris in 1814, San Remo passed to Genoa and the rest of the department passed to the Kingdom of Sardinia.

When Nice became part of France in 1860, the department was created again with Nice as the capital and with the arrondisement of Grasse that was part of Var department. In the same year, the department was divided in two arrondissements: Grasse and Puget-Théniers.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Puget-Théniers was eliminated.

Geography

The Alpes-Maritimes is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has an area of 4,298.6 km2 (1,660 sq mi).

The department is surrounded by the Piedmont and Liguria regions (Italy) and two departments; the Mediterranean Sea is to the south. It surrounds the Principality of Monaco on the west, north, and east.

The highest mountain in the department is Cime du Gélas (44°07′21″N 07°23′03″E / 44.1225°N 7.38417°E / 44.1225; 7.38417 (Cime du Gélas)) on the border with Italy; it is 3,143 m (10,312 ft) high. The lowest point is along the Mediterranean coast.

The main rivers in Alpes-Maritimes are: Var, Vésubie, Tinée, Roya, Estéron, Siagne, Loup.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nice is a "Mediterranean climate" and of the subtype "Csb".

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Nice is 734.1 mm (28.9 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 132.1 mm (5.2 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 12.7 mm (0.5 in). There are an average of 94.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in April with 11.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in July with 4.0 days.

The average temperature for the year in Nice is 16 °C (61 °F). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 24.1 °C (75.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 9.2 °C (48.6 °F).

Climate data for Nice, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
24.3
(75.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.7
(81.9)
24.6
(76.3)
21.0
(69.8)
16.6
(61.9)
13.8
(56.8)
19.56
(67.21)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
11.6
(52.9)
13.6
(56.5)
17.4
(63.3)
20.9
(69.6)
23.8
(74.8)
24.1
(75.4)
21.0
(69.8)
17.4
(63.3)
12.9
(55.2)
10.1
(50.2)
15.98
(60.76)
Average low °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.9
(42.6)
7.9
(46.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.5
(63.5)
20.3
(68.5)
20.5
(68.9)
17.3
(63.1)
13.7
(56.7)
9.2
(48.6)
6.3
(43.3)
12.35
(54.23)
Rainfall mm (inches) 69.0
(2.717)
44.7
(1.76)
38.7
(1.524)
69.3
(2.728)
44.6
(1.756)
34.3
(1.35)
12.1
(0.476)
17.8
(0.701)
73.1
(2.878)
132.8
(5.228)
103.9
(4.091)
92.7
(3.65)
733
(28.858)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

Alpes-Maritimes is managed by the Departmental Council of Alpes-Maritimes in Nice. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 27 cantons and 163 communes (municipalities) in Alpes-Maritimes.

Arrondissements of the Alpes-Maritimes
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
061 Grasse Grasse 560,045 1,231.2 454.9 62
062 Nice Nice 523,267 3,067.4 170.6 101

The following is a list of the 27 cantons of the Alpes-Maritimes department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Antibes-1 (0601)
  2. Antibes-2 (0602)
  3. Antibes-3 (0603)
  4. Beausoleil (0604)
  5. Cagnes-sur-Mer-1 (0605)
  6. Cagnes-sur-Mer-2 (0606)
  7. Cannes-1 (0607)
  8. Cannes-2 (0608)
  9. Le Cannet (0609)
  10. Contes (0610)
  11. Grasse-1 (0611)
  12. Grasse-2 (0612)
  13. Mandelieu-la-Napoule (0613)
  14. Menton (0614)
  15. Nice-1 (0615)
  16. Nice-2 (0616)
  17. Nice-3 (0617)
  18. Nice-4 (0618)
  19. Nice-5 (0619)
  20. Nice-6 (0620)
  21. Nice-7 (0621)
  22. Nice-8 (0622)
  23. Nice-9 (0623)
  24. Tourrette-Levens (0624)
  25. Valbonne (0625)
  26. Vence (0626)
  27. Villeneuve-Loubet (0627)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes are known, in French, as Maralpins (women: Maralpines).

Alpes-Maritimes had a population, in 2014, of 1,083,312, for a population density of 252.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Grasse, with 560,045 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Alpes-Maritimes

The communes in the department with more than 20,000 inhabitants are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Nice 343,895 Nice
Antibes 75,731 Grasse
Cannes 73,744 Grasse
Grasse 50,409 Grasse
Cagnes-sur-Mer 47,811 Grasse
Le Cannet 42,454 Grasse
Saint-Laurent-du-Var 29,067 Grasse
Menton 28,563 Nice
Vallauris 26,302 Grasse
Mandelieu-la-Napoule 22,696 Grasse

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