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Viperinae facts for kids

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Daboia russelii A Chawla01.jpg
Chain viper, Daboia elegans, a viperine
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Viperinae
Oppel, 1811
  • Viperini Oppel, 1811
  • Viperes Cuvier, 1817
  • Viperides Latreille, 1825
  • Viperina Gray, 1825
  • Viperiodea Fitzinger, 1826
  • Viperiodei Eichwald, 1831
  • Viperinae Cantor, 1847
  • Viperiformes Günther, 1864
  • Viperida Strauch, 1869
  • Atherini Broadley, 1996

The Viperinae, or Viperines, are a subfamily of venomous Vipers found in Europe, Asia and Africa.There are currently, 12 genera and 66 species which are recognized of this subfamily. Most are tropical and subtropical, although one species, the Vipera berus, even occurs within the Arctic Circle.


Members of this subfamily range in size from the Namaqua Dwarf Adder, that grows to a maximum of 28 cm, to the Gaboon Viper that reaches a maximum length of over 2 m. Most species are terrestrial (living on land), but a few, such as Atheris, are completely arboreal (living in trees).

Where they live

The Viperinae are found in Europe, Asia and Africa, but they are not found in Madagascar.


Most of the members of this subfamily are viviparous (ovoviviparous), meaning they give live birth, although a few, such as the Persian Horned viper, lay eggs.


  • Uzungwe viper (Adenorhinos)
  • Bush viper (Atheris)
  • Puff adder (Bitis)
  • Horned viper (Cerastes)
  • Russell's viper (Daboia)
  • Saw-scaled viper (Echis)
  • McMahon's viper (Eristicophis)
  • Large Palearctic viper (Macrovipera)
  • Kenya mountain viper (Montatheris)
  • Lowland viper (Proatheris)
  • False horned viper (Pseudocerastes)
  • Palearctic viper (Vipera)

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Viperinae para niños

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