Windermere, Cumbria (town) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Windermere
Windermere - Main Road.jpg
Windermere town centre
Windermere shown within Cumbria
Population 8,359 (2011)
OS grid reference SD4198
Civil parish
  • Windermere Town
District
  • South Lakeland
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WINDERMERE
Postcode district LA23
Dialling code 015394
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Westmorland and Lonsdale
List of places
UK
England
CumbriaCoordinates: 54°22′34″N 2°54′25″W / 54.376°N 2.907°W / 54.376; -2.907

Windermere is a town and civil parish in the South Lakeland District of Cumbria, England. It has a population of 8,245 increasing to 8,359 at the 2011 Census, and lies about half a mile (1 km) away from the lake, Windermere. Although the town Windermere does not touch the lake (it took the name of the lake when the railway line was built in 1847 and the station was called "Windermere"), it has now grown together with the older lakeside town of Bowness-on-Windermere, though the two retain distinguishable town centres. Tourism is popular in the town owing to its proximity to the lake and local scenery. Boats from the piers in Bowness sail around the lake, many calling at Ambleside or at Lakeside where there is a restored railway. Windermere Hotel opened at the same time as the railway.

History

Historically a part of Westmorland, Windermere town was known as Birthwaite prior to the arrival of the Kendal and Windermere Railway, which stimulated its development. Windermere station offers train and bus connections to the surrounding area, Manchester Airport and the West Coast Main Line.

The geological formations around the area take their name from the town. They are called the Windermere Group of sedimentary rocks. The town's name is also given to the Rt. Hon. Dr David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, who now lives in Windermere.

Etymology

The word "Windermere" is thought to translate as "Winand or Vinand's lake". The specific has usually been identified with an Old Swedish personal name Vinandr. The other possibility is for a Continental Germanic name Wīnand. The second element is Old English 'mere', meaning 'lake' or 'pool'. There is a reference to "Wynandermer" in 1396.

Transport

Windermere railway station 2008
Windermere railway station in 2008. The Booths supermarket in the background has been designed to mimic the former trainshed and also incorporates the frontage of the original station

Windermere railway station was built in 1847, and was the reason the town was established. The station serves trains run by Northern to Oxenholme on the West Coast Main Line. There are also services to Manchester Airport.

The town is near the A591, a major road running through the Lake District from Kendal to Keswick.


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